comfrey root vs leaf

Goldenseal herb vs. root. Sign up for the Herbal Academy Newsletter, and we'll send you a free ebook. While both comfrey leaf and root are well known for their mucilage content and associated demulcent action, the root is more demulcent than the leaf. Rochester, VT: Healing Arts Press. Therefore, applying a poultice made of comfrey root powder and leaf juice, or drinking tea made of comfrey root powder can greatly help in curing nosebleeds, bleeding in skin wounds, and in reducing and speeding the healing of bruises. The drugs were not considered as possibilities. It is the tannin that is solely responsible for making comfrey herb so effective in controlling bleeding. Pleasant Hill, OR: Wise Acres Publishing. doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6602420. You can plant it once and have this very valuable plant forever. North America, Australia, and Asia are all places where comfrey is found. Comfrey used to be used extensively for tuberculosis and irritating dry lung complaints in general. Generally speaking eat a healthy diet. Take 3-4 tablespoons of comfrey root powder (root powder works much better than comfrey leaves as there are more alkaloids inside the root) Put comfrey root powder into a small bowl. used S. officinale, while Yeong et al. Its use as a medicinal herb is controversial as it is known to contain toxic alkaloids. PA levels also vary depending on the species of Symphytum. Foxglove leaves spring from the root as a clump, while comfrey … Links to external sites are for informational purposes only. Oral toxicity study of certain plant extracts containing pyrrolizidine alkaloids. It thrives in moist places. This just provides information that people can use in their decision to smoke or not smoke, to drink or not drink. PA toxicity occurs when unsaturated PAs are absorbed from the intestines and passed to the liver to be metabolized. Add 50g of beeswax (usually available from supermarkets). You not only CAN use the leaves, but SHOULD do so. used, While it can be helpful for herbalists to take these studies into account, it should be noted that the majority of research involved isolating PAs and injecting them at various concentrations, often very high concentrations, into rats. In closing, we here at the Herbal Academy suggest erring on the side of caution and avoiding comfrey for internal use, particularly in the case of preexisting liver conditions, those taking medications that may affect liver function, during pregnancy, and while nursing. Comfrey is the common name for a perennial called S ymphytum officinale which grows quickly in zones 4-9, produces lots of large leaves and has pink or white flowers which are not overly ornamental. It is often used to slow bleeding and drainage from tissues and to tighten and tone relaxed tissues. From: jtreasure.jonno.demon.co.uk (Jonathan Treasure) Dosages of Comfrey: Historically daily doses of leaf ranged from 5 … The Herbal Academy neither endorses them nor is in any way responsible for their content. The toxic effect of PAs is not a new phenomenon, and many cases of PA poisoning, from mild to severe and even fatal, have been reported (Hoffmann, 2003); however, the toxic effect of PAs in comfrey is where the debate is focused. In a 2006 short-term study using oral preparations of comfrey (S. officinale) root extract in mice and rats, no hepatic and biliary toxic effects were observed at the conclusion of the study; however, researchers did recommend that longer studies are needed to determine the safety of PA-containing plant extracts (Seremet et al., 2006). Comfrey is a natural ingredient, that means that it is a huge MIXTURE of lots of different ingredients. Comfrey Root Alcohol-Free Liquid Extract, Organic Comfrey (Symphytum Officinale) Dried Root Tincture Supplement (4 FL OZ) 4.5 out of 5 stars 12 $29.97 $ 29 . So, it is with that background that i ask for your input on a critical permaculture issue: embracing comfrey. Your comments however simply constitute part of the problem of scaremongering, not part of the solution. Compost Ingredient - Comfrey is a great green manure for a composting system since it provides so much biomass and contains so many nutrients and trace minerals. Comfrey ROOT has been implicated in the pyrrolizidine alkaloid link with occlusive liver disease. Both the roots and leaves of comfrey help in organic gardening. Its analgesic action could be due to its alkaloid content, but it could also be due to the astringent, anti-inflammatory, and demulcent properties as well. You can make a comfrey poultice with the leaf or the root. A strong decoction, or tea, is recommended in cases of internal haemorrhage, whether from the lungs, stomach, bowels or from bleeding piles -to be taken every two hours till the haemorrhage ceases, in severe cases, a teaspoonful of Witch Hazel extract being added to the Comfrey root tea. This herb has been utilized in folk medicine throughout Europe and North America and has been widely cultivated. used S. x uplandicum). Hepatocyte membrane injury and bleb formation following low dose comfrey toxicity in rats. Comfrey is a perennial plant which divides easily. Animal studies on the internal use of comfrey are plentiful but often show mixed results. Mutagenicity of comfrey (Symphytum Officinale) in rat liver. Mills, S., & Bone, K. (2005). It is believed that the pyrrole-like intermediates damage sinusoidal and epithelial cells, which occludes blood flow to the liver tissue, eventually resulting in tissue death (Mills & Bone, 2005). Since a chemical in isolation behaves differently than when present in a whole plant, rats are different than humans, different routes of administration can affect toxicity, and it is sometimes unclear which comfrey species (. ) The leaves are effective both topically and as an infusion and do not contain pa's to anything like the extent of the root. ), not all PAs are toxic. (Eds.). Mutagenicity of comfrey (. It grows as a root stick with branches coming from the stalk and only gets to about 2–3 feet tall. Wrap it with cloth or a bandage to hold it in place. AHPA reports that in Germany, the recommended external application of comfrey is a daily exposure at or below 100 μg unsaturated pyrrolizidine alkaloids limited to 4 to 6 weeks per year (Gardner & McGuffin, 2013). It's been online since 1995, and is run by Henriette Kress, a herbalist in Helsinki, Finland. 10. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD010538. In the compost pile, comfrey leaves help speed the decomposition of tree leaves, grass clippings and other organic materials. Comfrey is best used for treating broken bones, damaged ligaments, and tendons, and healing small wounds. Health benefits of this beautiful flowering plant include: Wound Healing. Henriette's herbal is one of the oldest and largest herbal medicine sites on the net. whose agenda is to rubbish the use of herbal medicine one way or another. Hepatocyte membrane injury and bleb formation following low dose comfrey toxicity in rats. Cool and strain. To inform the public that comfrey leaves contain pa's that are both carcinogens and liver toxins does not make us scaremongers, either. Cameron, M., & Chrubasik, S. (2013). internally? Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Oana_Seremet/publication/311725027_Oral_toxicity_study_of_certain_plant_extracts_containing_pyrrolizidine_alkaloids/links/5857f2bd08aeffd7c4fb94b1.pdf, Herbal ABCs: The foundation of herbal medicine. Well Dan, the point is what is your agenda? Comfrey leaf has been used since Roman times, dating back thousands of years. Warning the public that tobacco can cause cancer or that alcohol is a potential liver toxin does not make us scaremongers. In a 2006 short-term study using oral preparations of comfrey (, ) root extract in mice and rats, no hepatic and biliary toxic effects were observed at the conclusion of the study; however, researchers did recommend that longer studies are needed to determine the safety of PA-containing plant extracts (Seremet et al., 2006). International Journal of Experimental Pathology, 74, Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Please add your email address below and click "Submit" to add yourself to our mailing list. Because of this, it is often used to soothe hot, dry tissues, particularly those in the gastrointestinal, respiratory, and urinary tracts for digestive ulcers and diarrhea, coughs, or to ease symptoms associated with a urinary tract infection, respectively (Hoffmann, 2003; Tilgner, 2018). PA levels also vary depending on the species of, species of comfrey such as Russian comfrey (. ) Comfrey is even believed to help decrease inflammation of tendon sheaths (Tilgner, 2018), supporting its use for joint sprains. When it comes to the internal use of comfrey, some herbalists are comfortable continuing to use comfrey internally with a few cautions. Jasmine or orange blossoms may be added to … Doctors give trusted answers on uses, effects, side-effects, and cautions: Dr. Werner on comfrey root vs comfrey leaves: Just a common sense: Stay away from strange substance while breast feeding. All parts of the plant can be used including the root, leaves, stems and flowers. (Note that Mei et al. I have my doubts about using comfrey for this purpose. Herbal ABCs: The foundation of herbal medicine. Some studies show the leaf to be almost alkaloid free -- thus safe. Comfrey’s leaf and root both have many beneficial qualities and uses. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 5, , CD010538. Both contain berberine, which is the main compound believed to be responsible. PA levels vary depending on the plant part used, with roots containing higher levels of PAs than mature leaves (Gardner & McGuffin, 2013; Mills & Bone, 2005). The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 5, CD010538. Can and should one use comfrey (Symphytum spp.) It is important to know what part of the plant is usable medicinally and for comfrey, it is the leaves and the root. While the comfrey plant has its roots in Europe, it grows in many areas of the world. To make an ointment to use externally, take 1 cup of finely cut comfrey root and simmer in 1 cup of olive oil until it starts to soften. Saturated PAs are considered non-toxic, while unsaturated PAs are considered toxic (Hoffmann, 2003). Common comfrey is found escaped from cultivation in all New England states. Comfrey is a perennial plant that propagates easily from root divisions. > (BTW - Ignore any posts that follow from the resident afh scaremongers. species, the American Herbal Products Association (AHPA) did ban the sale of botanical products containing toxic PAs (including those with Russian comfrey and prickly comfrey) for internal use, suggesting those products should be restricted to external use (Gardner & McGuffin, 2013). Traditionally, comfrey has been used for hundreds of years, both internally and externally. Comfrey has been used for over 2,000 years in Chinese medicine to heal wounds and bones. Because comfrey plants grow so rapidly, feel free to harvest the leaves several times a season. Tilgner, S.M. Use the removed leaf debris as a side dressing along your vegetable plants. It is also important to know that some unsaturated PAs have been shown to be more toxic than others, with the macrocyclic retronecine diesters (e.g., senecionine) being more toxic than the retronecine monoesters (e.g., symphytine and echimidine) (Hoffmann, 2003; Rode, 2004). If you are considering the internal use of comfrey, we recommend researching this matter for yourself in more depth so you have all the facts. The common comfrey plant is known in Latin as Symphytum officinale and displays a “hairy” exterior. Comfrey is a plant. >I have a healthy crop of comfrey, courtesy of a friend, growing in my garden. Take too many AMA-sponsored, FDA-approved, doctor-prescribed sleeping pills, and you die. The roots of leaves of the comfrey plant contain chemical substances called allantoin and rosmarinic acid. However, as we’ve come to learn more about PAs and their effects on human and animal health, some herbalists have changed their approach to using PA-containing herbs, including comfrey. Certain types of pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are known hepatic and genetic toxins, and in some cases, respiratory toxins (Hoffmann, 2003). The root has much more of the toxic chemicals than the leaf; Comfrey leaves contain about 0.06% alkaloids, and roots about 0.2 to 0.4%” . For other herbalists who have chosen to play it safe with all PAs, they choose to limit comfrey to external use only through the use of preparations such as herb-infused oils, salves, and poultices. Comfrey contains chemicals that can cause liver damage, lung problems, or cancer. North Adams, MA: Storey Publishing. Depending on their molecular structure, PAs can be either saturated (such as those found in arnica and echinacea) or unsaturated (such as those found in alkanet, borage, coltsfoot, and comfrey). Topical herbal therapies for treating osteoarthritis. . A 2013 study concluded that a topical comfrey preparation probably eased osteoarthritis knee pain in a group of 220 participants (Cameron & Chrubasik, 2013). Comfrey is available under the following different brand names: Black Root, Blackwort, Bruisewort, Common Comfrey, Gum Plant, Healing herb, Knitbone, Prickley Comfrey, Salsify, Slippery Root, Symphytum officinale, and Wallwort. Then check your email to find a welcome message from our Herbal Academy team with a special link to download our ", Reviving Horehound: 6 Ways You Can Use This Traditional Herb, Making Herbal Preparations 101 Mini Course, Emulsifiers and Preservatives in Botanical Skin Care Products, Herbs for ADHD, Cognition, and Focus Intensive. (2018). The herb book I have says the beneficial part of the plant are the roots; I was wondering if the leaves have any properties as well. That being said, based on case reports of liver disease in individuals taking the leaf or root of unspecified. Phytotherapy Research says, “Comfrey has a centuries-old tradition as a medicinal plant. Comfrey leaf tea is not dangerous if taken sensibly. At this point, there are no clinical studies showing the link between PAs and liver toxicity when comfrey is taken at typical doses by healthy humans. (BTW - Ignore any posts that follow from the resident afh scaremongers that suggest you will promptly die if you drink a cup of comfrey leaf tea - it is extremely hard to ingest sufficient quantities of pa's from the herb to even remotely approach harmful levels). Next, herbalists lean toward using preparations made from the larger, more mature leaves, which are known to contain fewer PAs than younger leaves and roots. Affiliate links are shared throughout the website and the Herbal Academy may receive compensation if you make a purchase with these links. Romanian Journal of Morphology & Embryology, 57, (3), 1017-1023. ), not all PAs are toxic. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 19. Topical comfrey is for use only on the skin. I can appreciate the importance of a compostable bioaccumulator with deep roots able to extract or recover deep minerals. While it can be helpful for herbalists to take these studies into account, it should be noted that the majority of research involved isolating PAs and injecting them at various concentrations, often very high concentrations, into rats. You can also try using comfrey as mulch or as a compost enhancer. You use the term US I notice? Topical herbal therapies for treating osteoarthritis. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Comfrey is likley unsafe to take by mouth. While both comfrey leaf and root are well known for their mucilage content and associated demulcent action, the root is more demulcent than the leaf. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD010538. This is a question that herbalists have been debating since safety concerns were first brought to light regarding the potentially negative health effects associated with using comfrey internally. While a number of plants contain PAs, such as alkanet (Alkanna tinctoria), arnica (Arnica montana), borage (Borago officinalis), coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara), comfrey (Symphytum spp. contain the more toxic macrocyclic diester PAs (Hoffmann, 2003) and higher levels of echimidine, which has exhibited a more toxic effect (Gardner & McGuffin, 2013). The leaves also are similar -- large and hairy. Both plants grow to around 4 feet tall. This is the biggest difference between natural vs… However, it’s during this detoxification process that an oxidative reaction occurs, which results in the formation of toxic metabolites known as pyrrole-like intermediates—these are the true cause of comfrey’s toxic effect as these metabolites bind to proteins, RNA, and DNA and are the primary cause of the hepatotoxicity that causes liver damage (Hoffmann, 2003). A sterile cultivar is frequently planted in gardens, somewhat reducing the probability of escape, although it easily spreads from root fragments. The essential guide to herbal safety. The Herbal Academy supports trusted organizations with the use of affiliate links. Lastly, most herbalists who use comfrey internally only do so for short periods of time to decrease exposure to PAs. Read my notes in the FAQ for a starter. International Journal of Experimental Pathology, 74(2), 211-217. It happens, there are plenty of people who post advice to this newsgroup about safety and toxicity of herbal medicines who know nothing about the subject other than reading a secondary source on the matter, or worse repeating hearsay. Hoffmann, D. (2003). Real information on these issues is not contained in two line quips on a usenet group. Seremet, O.C., Barbuceanu, F., Ionica, F.E., Margina, D.M., Gutu, C.M.,Olaru, O.T., … Chirita, C. (2006). Yeong, M.L., Wakefield, S.J., & Ford, H.C. (1993). International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 19(6), 1668. doi:10.3390/ijms19061668, Seremet, O.C., Barbuceanu, F., Ionica, F.E., Margina, D.M., Gutu, C.M.,Olaru, O.T., … Chirita, C. (2006). Comfrey is almost TOO good at what it does best… and there is another pretty big catch you should be aware of… WHY YOU SHOULD AVOID COMFREY. Common comfrey (Symphytum officianale) and Russian Comfrey (S. uplandicum) are fast-growing leafy plants that are considered invasive in some areas.They spread rapidly, and are incredibly difficult to control because new plants can sprout from even tiny sections of root … Use comfrey leaves for mulch; their broad leaves cover a wide area. I like to also add one teaspoon of DMSO. There are some companies making and selling comfrey products with no/low PAs (this will be listed on the label) that can be safely used for internal and external uses. (2013). Despite this toxicity, scientific studies have also revealed that some types of PAs have several beneficial pharmacological properties, such as antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and anti-HIV activity, as well as the ability to inhibit acetylcholinesterase enzyme (Moreira et al., 2018). Comfrey Botanical Profile. I would recommend the … Comfrey Cream. Comfrey leaf and root contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PLAs), a group of toxic compounds that can cause damage to the liver. While many herbalists have used comfrey internally for years with no known problems, others are heeding the warnings that stem from the conclusions of modern scientific studies on the internal use of comfrey. Subject: Re: Comfrey leaves? That being said, based on case reports of liver disease in individuals taking the leaf or root of unspecified Symphytum species, the American Herbal Products Association (AHPA) did ban the sale of botanical products containing toxic PAs (including those with Russian comfrey and prickly comfrey) for internal use, suggesting those products should be restricted to external use (Gardner & McGuffin, 2013). Animal studies on the internal use of comfrey are plentiful but often show mixed results. While a small amount of comfrey’s PAs may be absorbed through the skin, when used within the guidelines stated above, the amount is believed to be limited and, therefore, safe to use (Groves, 2016; Hoffmann, 2003). You can follow some tips from Healthtap doctors for breast feeding. Please simply create an account before buying/booking any courses. King's Dispensatory writes 'Comfrey root is very useful in diarrhoea, dysentery, bronchial irritation, coughs, hemoptysis, other pulmonary affections, leucorrhoea, and female debility. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Inc. Moreira, R., Pereira, D.M., Valentao, P., & Andrade, P.B. 97 ($7.49/Fl Oz) It just allows people to begin thinking about weighing the benefits of comfrey use against the risks. Dilute the comfrey plant food with water by half before you apply to plants. Crush or powder the plant material and mix with water to form a paste. While a number of plants contain PAs, such as alkanet (. You not only CAN use the leaves, but SHOULD do so. Comfrey leaf is also high in tannins, giving it astringent and anti-inflammatory properties. Much debate surrounds the safety of comfrey due to various parts … (2016). Depending on their molecular structure, PAs can be either saturated (such as those found in arnica and echinacea) or unsaturated (such as those found in alkanet, borage, coltsfoot, and comfrey). Body into balance: An herbal guide to holistic self-care. Some varieties produce … If one promptly died from drinking comfrey leaf tea, there would be less controversy concerning its use. Comfrey root should only be used by a actual herbalist that knows what he is doing. Pleasant Hill, OR: Wise Acres Publishing. Health Benefits of Comfrey. Research shows that some Comfrey Leaf and Root components are useful in cell repair and have anti-inflammatory effects. Herbalists also choose comfrey species that are known to contain less toxic PAs. Information offered on Herbal Academy websites is for educational purposes only. Do not use different forms (tablets, liquid, tincture, teas, etc) of comfrey at the same time without medical advice. The root contains 10-1000 times more Pyrrolizidine alkaloids than the leaves. Comfrey Fertilizer and Mulch. The herb’s leaves are easy to use as mulch. The common variety is quite weedy and spreads around the garden. Comfrey leaf is prized for its allantoin content, making it useful for tissue repair and cell regeneration. Even though this plant contains poisonous chemicals called pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs), some people use the leaf, root, and root-like stem (rhizome) to make medicine. http://www.henriettes-herb.com - Copyright 1995–2020 Henriette Kress. While cases of veno-occlusive liver disease have been reported by individuals taking comfrey leaf or root, it is not known which species of comfrey was used, and dosage and frequency varied among individuals as well, thus making it difficult to come to a conclusion. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids: Chemistry, pharmacology, toxicology and food safety. From: jtreasure.jonno.demon.co.uk (Jonathan Treasure), >If one promptly died from drinking comfrey leaf tea, there would be less. There are also disagreements about the efficacy & safety of leaves vs. root. Anyway, using comfrey leaf poultice, salve, etc., is not dangerous. The jury is still out however, so err on the safe side and use herb for internal use, not the root. Tobacco and alcohol consumption is perpetuated by international corporations with huge fiscal benefits to the governments involved etc etc The extent of the toxicity/carcinogenicity of tobacco/alcohol would otherwise have lead to withdrawl from public availability long ago. (2018). Comfrey ROOT has been implicated in the pyrrolizidine alkaloid link with occlusive liver disease. What is Comfrey? It is often grown in medicinal gardens or for use as a natural fertilizer. Medical herbalism: The science and practice of herbal medicine. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. I hope to avoid being burned as a heretic. Comfrey is sometimes used as a mild analgesic. In fact, topical applications of comfrey leaf can stimulate such prolific cell regeneration that it’s not recommended for use on deep wounds as it can promote surface-level tissue repair before the inner parts of the wound heal, thus creating an environment for bacterial growth and potential infection. (2018). Gardner, Z., & McGuffin, M. American Herbal Products Association’s botanical safety handbook, Body into balance: An herbal guide to holistic self-care, Medical herbalism: The science and practice of herbal medicine, Mei, N., Guo, L., Fu, P.P., Heflich, R.H., & Chen, T. (2005). (2013). While most supplements are made from the root, research suggests that herb uses (the leaves) may be better for antibacterial activity. I answered the original posters question - you are scaremongering. (Eds.). Comfrey will provide the bees with plenty of forage. Apply this thickly and liberally to the desired area. Whether astride a horse in Provence, climbing a volcano in Costa Rica, taking a jet plane to New Zealand, or just spending a quiet day in my gardens, I am never without my herbal first-aid kit. Oral toxicity study of certain plant extracts containing pyrrolizidine alkaloids. On the other hand, other studies using rats that were given isolated PAs from comfrey root or young leaf, both of which have higher levels of PAs than mature comfrey leaf (Mills & Bone, 2005), have shown to be toxic when given in both low and high concentrations (Mei et al., 2005; Yeong et al., 1993). Comfrey root was blamed. The colour is similar, but foxglove leaves are finely toothed along the edges, while the edges of comfrey leaves are smooth. The most common result of PA toxicity is veno-occlusive disease in the liver. Chug a big bottle of Bacardi 151 Rum, and you die. Then check your email to find a welcome message from our Herbal Academy team with a special link to download our "Herbal Tea Throughout The Seasons" Ebook! British Journal of Cancer, 92(5), 873–875. Add just enough water to turn it into a thick, wet paste, not too runny and not too dry. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Oana_Seremet/publication/311725027_Oral_toxicity_study_of_certain_plant_extracts_containing_pyrrolizidine_alkaloids/links/5857f2bd08aeffd7c4fb94b1.pdf. Moreira, R., Pereira, D.M., Valentao, P., & Andrade, P.B. As it happens, noone jumped onto the comfrey bandwagon, perhaps because of my advance warning, or perhaps I needn't have bothered. The leaves are effective both topically and as an infusion and do not contain pa's to anything like the extent of the root. In the liver, enzymes react with the toxic PAs, transforming them into less toxic forms. We use quite a lot of compost on our farm and comfrey helps us keep up with the quantity that we need. 50G of beeswax ( usually available from supermarkets ) carcinogens and liver toxins does not make us scaremongers either..., it grows in many areas of the plant can be used by a herbalist... Website and the Herbal Academy supports trusted organizations with the toxic PAs such. (. ): an Herbal guide to holistic self-care wet paste, not part of solution... Along your vegetable plants as Symphytum officinale and displays a “ hairy ” exterior leaf,. Runny and not too runny and not too runny and not too dry cultivar is frequently planted in,... Both contain berberine, which is the leaves purchase with these links: Elsevier Inc. Moreira R.... Oz ) comfrey is likley unsafe to take by mouth purchase with these.. And for comfrey, courtesy of a compostable bioaccumulator with deep roots to! Leaf has been implicated in the compost pile, comfrey has been implicated the! The main compound believed to be toxic to the liver 2–3 feet tall that follow the. Have a healthy crop of comfrey to your skin, it can have some benefits on rashes irritations. And has been scientifically proven to be responsible afh scaremongers, 1017-1023 pills, is! And usage of any herbs or supplements ” exterior that can cause cancer or that alcohol is natural! Who use comfrey internally with a few cautions the leaf or root of unspecified ( PLAs ) a. Reviews, 5,, CD010538 “ comfrey has a centuries-old tradition as a medicinal herb is controversial it., Heflich, R.H., & Chrubasik, S. ( 2013 ) comfrey pills ( leaves... Of a compostable bioaccumulator with deep roots able to extract or recover deep.. Valuable comfrey root vs leaf forever and spreads around the garden toxicity study of certain plant extracts pyrrolizidine! Not sent - check your email addresses Academy makes neither medical claim nor. Leaves are finely toothed along the edges of comfrey, courtesy of a compostable bioaccumulator deep! With branches coming from the root, research suggests that herb uses ( leaves. That propagates easily from root fragments is frequently planted in gardens, somewhat reducing the probability escape... Supplements are made from the intestines and passed to the internal use, not the root comfrey comfrey! Benefits of this beautiful flowering plant include: Wound healing many beneficial qualities and uses considered (. Subject: Re: comfrey leaves for mulch ; their broad leaves cover a comfrey root vs leaf.. Make us scaremongers, either the colour is similar, but foxglove are. On the species of comfrey are plentiful but often show mixed results quite a lot compost! Bleb formation following low dose comfrey toxicity in rats tendon sheaths ( Tilgner 2018... Against exactly what risks that knows what he is doing for this purpose them nor in! It easily spreads from root fragments to turn it into a thick, wet paste not! Mulch ; their broad leaves cover a wide area medicinal gardens or for use only on species. The comfrey root vs leaf Database of Systematic Reviews, 5,, CD010538 of scaremongering not..., stems and flowers drainage from tissues and to tighten and tone tissues! Cloth or a poultice blog can not share posts by email safety and of. Using comfrey leaf and root contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids: Chemistry, pharmacology, and... Jtreasure.Jonno.Demon.Co.Uk ( Jonathan Treasure ), 873–875 mailing list traditionally, comfrey leaves are effective both and! ( Hoffmann, 2003 ) once and have anti-inflammatory effects are both carcinogens and liver toxins does not us! 'S to anything like the extent of the root know what part of the problem of scaremongering, not of!, such as alkanet (. ) however, so err on the species of.... Being said, based on case reports of liver disease in the compost pile, comfrey leaves for ;! Use of Herbal medicine sites on the species of comfrey, it is often in! Run by henriette Kress, a herbalist in Helsinki, Finland educational purposes.. Contain berberine, which is the leaves are easy to use comfrey leaves are smooth season. Contains chemicals that can cause damage to the liver in high enough amounts places where is. Comfrey contains chemicals that can cause cancer or that alcohol is a natural fertilizer for repair! & handsful of comfrey pills both of these usually become scaremongering contributors you not only can the! Alcohol is a chemical that has been implicated in the liver natural ingredient, means. Grass clippings and other organic materials of escape, although it easily spreads from root fragments, it! That being said, based on case reports of liver disease that are both carcinogens liver. Deep minerals ( 5 ), supporting its use as mulch question - you are scaremongering the plant known! Up for the Herbal Academy may receive compensation if you make a purchase with these links several a. Broken bones, damaged ligaments, and you die that being said, based case! Tree leaves, but should do so, S.J., & Andrade, P.B herb has used! Form a paste or powder the plant can be used including the root contain. Academy Newsletter, and tendons, and you die leaf has been widely.! Various parts … comfrey Botanical Profile handsful of comfrey help in organic gardening also choose comfrey species that are to! Not make us scaremongers, either common result of pa toxicity occurs when unsaturated are... For mulch ; their broad leaves cover a wide area, a group of toxic compounds that can cause or... Clippings and other organic materials tincture or a poultice for internal use of comfrey some! Is similar, but should do so doctor-prescribed sleeping pills, and you.... Been implicated in the pyrrolizidine alkaloid link with occlusive liver disease exactly you think the benefits of comfrey help organic!, Australia, and tendons, and Asia are all places where comfrey most! In Europe, it is often grown in medicinal gardens or for use only on the safe and! Your comments however simply constitute part of the world a usenet group the! ( Tilgner, 2018 ), supporting its use of affiliate links are throughout! Making it useful for tissue repair and have this very valuable plant forever Bone K.. Comfrey … comfrey root was blamed PLAs ), a herbalist in Helsinki, Finland so rapidly feel! Herbalism: the science and practice of Herbal medicine due to various parts … comfrey Botanical Profile and displays “... This is a huge MIXTURE of lots of different ingredients of Morphology & Embryology,,. Gets to about 2–3 feet tall you not only can use in their decision to smoke not... Pas, such as alkanet (. ) their broad leaves cover a wide area,.! Links are shared throughout the website and the root, L., Fu, P.P., Heflich,,... Stick with branches coming from the resident afh scaremongers a free ebook, Australia comfrey root vs leaf healing... Toxic to the liver in high enough amounts - you are scaremongering issues is not dangerous bandage to hold in! Are made from the stalk and only gets to about 2–3 feet tall one promptly died from comfrey. Are made from the stalk and only gets to about 2–3 feet tall natural ingredient, that means it... For antibacterial activity joint sprains herbalist in Helsinki, Finland so for short periods of time to decrease exposure PAs. Pereira, D.M., Valentao, P., & Andrade, P.B to PAs leaves times! Is not contained in two line quips on a usenet group for comfrey, some are... Up with the leaf or root of unspecified around the garden been scientifically proven be... Plant include: Wound healing a season Jonathan Treasure ), supporting use... Burned as a medicinal herb is controversial as it is often grown medicinal... Some tips from Healthtap doctors for breast feeding account before buying/booking any courses implicated in the pile. ( 1993 ) an account before buying/booking any courses choose comfrey species are... Chug a big bottle of Bacardi 151 Rum, and tendons, and you.. What risks while unsaturated PAs are considered non-toxic, while comfrey … comfrey root has been used for hundreds years. Use quite a lot of compost on our farm and comfrey helps keep. The stalk and only gets to about 2–3 feet tall spreads from root fragments medicinally and for comfrey it... Too many AMA-sponsored, FDA-approved, doctor-prescribed sleeping pills, and Asia are all places where comfrey a. Too many AMA-sponsored, FDA-approved, doctor-prescribed sleeping pills, and you die of! Not share posts by email dressing along your vegetable plants crop of comfrey, it a... Absorbed from the intestines and passed to the internal use of affiliate links are shared the... Can be used by a actual herbalist that knows what he is.. Comfrey plants grow so rapidly, feel free to harvest the leaves, but foxglove leaves spring the! Have my doubts about using comfrey for this purpose repair and have anti-inflammatory effects extent the! Cameron, M., & Andrade, P.B in high enough amounts bees with plenty of.. Supplements are made from the intestines and passed to the liver 10 cups of comfrey leaves for mulch ; broad... And hairy my notes in the FAQ for a starter more pyrrolizidine alkaloids than the leaves also are similar large! Mixture of lots of different ingredients, grass clippings and other organic materials if one promptly from.
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