3. The three forms of generic competitive advantage strategy. The following table illustrates Porter’s generic strategies: a) Cost Leadership Strategy This generic strategy calls for being the low cost producer in an industry for a given level of quality. Samsung’s Generic Strategy for Competitive Advantage (Porter’s Model) ... Other generic competitive strategies, such as cost leadership, differentiation focus, and cost focus, are also applied in Samsung’s operations, but to a limited extent. Cost Leadership Strategy. In Cost leadership strategy, a firm becomes a low-cost producer in its industry, has a broad scope, services many industries and may even operate in industries that are related to it (Porter 1985). Cost Leadership is the mechanism of establishing a competitive advantage by having the lowest cost of operation in the industry. The company develops and maintains competitive advantage based on cost minimization, which translates to low prices or high profit margins. Moreover, sources of findings information for generic strategies analysis have been discussed. Porter’s Generic Strategies including three types of strategies, which are cost leadership, differentiation, and focus strategy. The study focuses on cost leadership strategy and sustainable competitive advantage of Naivas Supermarket Chain in Kenya. Cost Leadership. It can secure a higher profit margin for the company. The sources of cost advantage are varied and depend on the structure of the industry. Differentiation Focus. Cost focus leads to the company’s being a best cost provider in some segments of the semiconductors and electronics components markets. Porter’s generic strategies are three-dimensional strategies that consist of three quadrants (or sometimes four, depending on how the matrix is drawn) called differentiation, cost, leadership, and focus. Cost leadership is straightforward, as the player rolling this out will become the lost-cost producer in the industry. Cost Leadership examples: IKEA. The Scope of the Market targeted. Advantages of Cost Leadership strategy. Cost leadership is focused on providing products with low operating costs. A firm that chooses a cost-leadership business strategy focuses on gaining advantages by reducing its costs to a level equal to all of its competitors. Professor Michael Porter of Harvard Business School points out three methods by which a company can achieve sustainable competitive advantage – Cost Leadership. Because price represents such a powerful factor for consumers, it also represents an incredible competitive advantage. 1. By producing huge quantities of standardized products that people can actually assemble themselves, IKEA has gained a significant competitive advantage with its cost leadership strategy. List of the Advantages of Price Leadership 1. … Some of the ways that firms acquire cost advantages are by improving process efficiencies, gaining unique access to a large source of lower cost materials, making optimal outsourcing and vertical integration decisions, or avoiding some costs altogether. By minimizing the price to increase the profits. Depending on these parameters, the strategies proposed are: Cost Leadership. This strategy is especially beneficial in a market where the price is an important factor. A unique and successful cost leadership strategy helps to beat target competitors. According to Porter there are three core strategies for competitive positioning: cost leadership, differentiation and focus. Cost Leadership. By creating, marketing, and selling a product or service intended for a niche market, then it becomes possible to become the recognized expert in that market better than those promoting a generalized strategy instead. The three generic strategies of cost leadership, differentiation, and focus are discussed along with the advantages and risks inherent with each strategic option. This way Cost Leadership strategy will turn as an advantage for the companies and will help them sustain in the market for a longer duration. The focus strategy has two variants, cost focus and differentiation focus. An efficient business system creates cost efficiencies and economic of scales to allow a firm to become the lowest-cost producer. Indicate whether the statement is true or false. The article includes tips for students and analysts on how to write good generic strategies analysis for a firm. Porter's first competitive advantage is called "cost leadership". Differentiation. Cost leadership refers to the ability of a brand to provide quality products at a rate that is considerably lower than the market standard. Porter used the terms ‘cost leadership' and ‘differentiation', wherein the latter is the way in which companies can earn a price premium. There are two basic types of competitive advantage: cost leadership and differentiation.” Michael Porter Competitive strategies involve taking offensive or defensive actions to create a defendable position in the industry. Porter, author of Competitive Strategy, is widely known in business circles and is thought of as the father of modern business strategy theory.His central thesis is that businesses can create and sustain a competitive advantage in the marketplace by following one of two strategic choices: 1) cost leadership or 2) differentiation. strategy works better than cost leadership strategy in order measure differentiation strategy was more than .7 and the to gain a competitive advantage in Carrefour . As Porter highlighted, a cost leader has to have a broad scope (and scale). In the case of cost leadership, one advantage is that cost leaders’ emphasis on efficiency makes them well positioned to withstand price competition from rivals ("Executing a Low-Cost Strategy" [Image missing in original]). Generic strategies can help the organization to cope with the five competitive forces in the industry and do better than other organization in the industry. Amazon business strategy can be described as cost leadership taken to the extreme. By reducing the cost, a company can save a tremendous amount of money. Porter researched hundreds of companies to identify the three primary ways companies achieve a sustainable advantage: cost leadership, differentiation, and focus. Marketers have to produce large no of products so it will ultimately lower the unitary cost. Porter’s generic strategies 1. Porter’s Generic Strategies are the standard basic strategies that a Business can follow. Pricing strategies can go lower or higher, depending on what a company wants to accomplish. • A successful strategy usually requires a large market share advantage or cheap raw materials, labour, or some other important input (Dess & Davis, 1984). By reducing the production cost, higher profit margins are available for the organization. The manipulation of cost can be done in two ways such as, 1. Cost Leadership Cost leadership means companies provide reasonable value at a lower price. It is not very tough to achieve cost leadership strategy. Each of these three approaches uses different priorities to outperform its competitors in terms of market share, revenue growth, profit margins, profitability and other key indicators. Needless to say, the famous Swedish furniture retailer has absolutely revolutionized the furniture industry. 1. It requires the vigorous pursuit of cost minimization techniques such as efficient utilization of scale of production, good purchasing strategy, modern technology and produce quality products. So it is the key to market success. Cost leadership competitive advantage is a business’s ability to produce a product or service that will be at a lower cost than other competitors. Cost Focus. eBay’s Generic Strategy for Competitive Advantage (Porter’s Model) eBay Inc.’s generic strategy is cost leadership. Cost leadership, in basic words, means the lowest cost of operation in the Increases Profit Margin – The Cost Leadership method is mainly implemented to increase the profitability of a company. To gain competitive advantage, small businesses can focus on different strategies, including leadership in cost, quality, innovation or customer service. Range, price and convenience are placed at the core of Amazon competitive advantage. 1.2 Main aspects of Porter's Generic Strategies Analysis Organisations can achieve competitive advantages essentially by differentiating their products and services from those of competitors and through low costs (Otundo Martin, 2016). Better profitability. The global online retailer operates with a razor thin profit margin and succeeds due to a combination of economies of scale, innovation of various business processes and a constant business diversification. 2.1.1 Cost Leadership Cost leadership is a strategy that having lowest operational cost and lowest prices in the target market segment. This can be fulfilled through applying efficient business system in an organization. The idea here is simple. Cost Leadership • Plan of action that to do everything conceivable to bring down its cost structure, to make and offer goods and services at lower price (Porter, 2004). Cost Leadership and Competitive Advantage. If they were able to take the lead on a pricing strategy that had a higher price point for consumers, it opens the door to an improved profit margin on the goods or services. The cost leadership strategy usually targets a broad market. Cost Leadership is a strategy to reduce the cost of operation and produce the lowest priced products or services, to out-do the closest competitors and gain market share. In cost leadership, a firm sets out to become the low cost producer in its industry. The firm sells its products either at average industry prices to earn a profit higher than that of rivals, or below the average industry prices to gain market share. The focus strategy is one of three generic strategies that Professor Porter created at the time: cost leadership, focus, and differentiation. Cost leadership is a concept developed by Michael Porter, used in business strategy which describes a way to establish a competitive advantage. If you sell your products or services for a lower price than your competitors, people will be drawn to your company. The strategies proposed depend on: The Competitive Advantage of the company. Cost leadership strategy is a strategy to gain a competitive advantage by manipulating the cost of production. Porter is convinced that when companies decide on their competitive advantage model (precisely what groups they are going to focus on), it is important to determine if they are going to go ahead and take cost leadership strategy or differentiation strategy. Compared to competitive products, The price of the product will always have a more significant margin. Porters stated that firms with high market share are the ones which are profitable and these firms become successful because they pursue the cost leadership strategy. 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