What are the Similarities Between Athens and Sparta     – Outline of Common Features4. Thus, because both parts of Athens' government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. “Map ancient Athens” By Singinglemon – Own work (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia3. These two states had powerful military forces. 1. Their ideas, habits, and daily activities were majorly impacted by the community they lived in. In fact, it is said that each state had about a hundred thousand salves. “Sparta.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 12 Nov. 2009, Available here. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek city-states in classical antiquity. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. Two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member 'council of elders' limited their powers. Both states had their own government system that had ensured the welfare of their citizens. However, the Athenian monarchy did not last very long. How did Athenian foreign policy change under Pericles? What is the Difference Between Middle Ages and... What is the Difference Between Paleolithic and... What are the Similarities Between Black Death and... What is the Difference Between Feudalism and... What is the Difference Between Face Wash and Cleanser, What is the Difference Between Cetaphil Daily Cleanser and Gentle Cleanser, What is the Difference Between Symbolic Interactionism and Social Constructionism, What is the Difference Between Lepidolite and Amethyst, What is the Difference Between Anointed and Appointed, What is the Difference Between Lemon Grass and Citronella. the Roman women from Sparta and the Greek women from Athens were completely different. Sparta has had two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died. Ancient Greece is often referred to as the birthplace of Western democracy. The city-state was actually known as Lacedaemon, while the name Sparta itself referred to the main settlement on the banks of the Eurotas River in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese. The Agora, which was a large open area for meetings, was the centre of commerce and government in Athens. Both states used many slaves. Similar to Athens, Sparta also had an assembly, but the important desicions were made by a group called the Council Of Elders. On the other hand, the ruler of Athens is elected annually. Sparta was a warrior society; society was mainly based on loyalty to the state and military power. You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser. Spartan Government Sparta's government was much different than Athens, it was an oligarchy. Athens focusing on its politics while Sparta focused on military. With this in mind though, the structures of Athenss and Spartas governments were not totally dissimilar. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. Athens was ruled by archons, who wereelected annually. Athens had a form of democracy where every free Athenian male over 18 years old was considered citizens while Sparta had an oligarchic government. Though these are not very far away from each other, there are many differences between these two states. On the other hand, oligarchy (rule by a few) was the form of government practiced in Spartan … Athens, on the other hand, shaped democracy in ancient Greece. In Greece, citizens did not elect their favorite people to repre… Home » Public » People » History » What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta. Spartan: Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. We tend to look at the ancient Greek city-state of Spartaas being a warrior society, which it was, but also as less sophisticated than intellectual centers like Athens. Spartan life was simple. Sparta did not necessarily depend more on slaves than Athens; the Helots were held in servitude as a means of keeping them subjected rather than a source for servants. In fact, the Spartans ma… Athens was the centre for arts, learning and philosophy while Sparta was a warrior state. It is also the home of Plato’s Academy and Aristotle’s Lyceum. What is Sparta     – Society, Governance, Spartans3. While Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade, Sparta’s economy was based on agriculture and conquering. Moreover, Spartan women had more rights and freedom compared to women in other Greek states. Tyrants Could Be Benevolent. That was the Spartan way: Lie, cheat, steal, and get away with it, or else. Overall, Athens was free from foreign invasion, rich in farmland and located perfectly to trade with the innumerable islands that dot the Aegea… Sparta reached the height of its power after defeating Athens in the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. However, today, we use the name Sparta to refer to the city-state. The city of Athens reached its golden era under the leadership of Pericles (461 to 429 BC). Well, the Spartans may not have invented a political structure we widely use today, but that doesn't mean they weren't also being innovative with their government. What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta     – Comparison of Key Differences. The republic of Rome and the democracy of Athens, while similar, varied in principle and practice. Athens is seen as the birthplace of democracy where a large number of the population had a say in state affairs and proceedings. Her areas of interests include literature, language, linguistics and also food. This site is using cookies under cookie policy. Spartan women had more status and freedom than Athenian women. An oligarchy is a system of political power controlled by a select group of individuals, … How did the Greek view of government differ from the views of other ancient civilizations?A.The Greeks believed that a good and virtuous king would inspire people to be good citizens.B.The Greeks believed that the gods gave ruling power to certain individuals.C.The Greeks believed that people could https://quizlet.com/28420284/world-history-chapter-5-section-2-flash-cards How could Sparta compete with that? Thus, because both parts of Athens' government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. ; Athens core ideals were based on development, trade, intellect, and … Introduction In this paper, we saw that Athens and Sparta were both Greek cities. Spartan life was simple. These individual ways of life impacted both cities, creating large differences between the … The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. Athens was one of the largest and most influential city-states of Greece. Oligarchy. According to the legend, from period of the king Lycurgus all existing Spartan laws were grounded. Athens and Sparta possessed stable economies when compared to other regions. Athens is considered to be the home of western civilization.Sparta is not considered as home to any modern civilization. …, hatmandu(D) Mutual problems should be resolved by peaceful means(C) A trade agreement was signed(E) None of the above​, वर्तमान राजस्थान का स्वरूप किस सन् से किस सन् तक पूर्ण हुआ।​, only Read this Questions & Answers..​. The city got its name after Athena, the Goddess of warfare and wisdom. Though these are not very far away from each other, there are many differences between these two states. “SpartaGreatRhetra” By Publius97 at en.wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia4. To ancient Athenians, "tyrant" did not have the same negative connotations that it does today. Today’s version of democracy is voting for representatives who rule us, but the Greeks had far more hands on participation in their version of democracy. Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering. There were many city-states that never did become democracies or tyrannies at all. The Spartan Constitution (or Spartan politeia) are the government and laws of the classical Greek city-state of Sparta.All classical Greek city-states had a politeia; the politeia of Sparta however, was noted by many classical authors for its unique features, which supported a rigidly layered social system and a strong hoplite army. Spartan boys received a military education and training for many years. In Sparta, both boys and girls received physical training to stay fit. What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta, What are the Similarities Between Athens and Sparta. She is currently reading for a Masters degree in English. “The Parthenon in Athens” By Steve Swayne – File:O Partenon de Atenas.jpg, originally posted to Flickr as The Parthenon Athens (CC BY 2.0) via Commons Wikimedia2. When we think of tyrants, we think of oppressive, autocratic rulers. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. Moreover, Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade, whereas Sparta’s economy was based on agriculture and conquering. What is Athens     – Society, Governance, Athenians2. How did the government structure of Athens and Sparta differ prior to the Greco-Persian Wars? However, the top rulers of Athens were elected, while Sparta's were not. This differed from Spartas rule by the few, which allowed for much less say from the people next to none, in fact. “Ancient sparta theater” By Κούμαρης Νικόλαος (Attribution) via Commons Wikimedia. Athens: Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering. Ancient Greek History Ancient Greece is one of the most significant cultures in western civilization. Both forms of government ensured that every person was within the law, none could escape. The Parthenon, the temple built for Athena, sits on top of a hill in the centre of the city. Polis, plural poleis, ancient Greek city-state. Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century B.C.E. It was ruled by a council of 500 members who were elected by the citizens. Later, many temples and buildings were also built there. For girls, school was also very similar. This form of oligarchical government was elected by Spartan citizens who were over thirty years of age. “Athens.” Ancient History Encyclopedia, 7 Nov. 2019, Available here.3. Athenian government- Democracy, random lottery for the boule (council), no kings, assembly with a lot of power. Foreign policy of Athens underwent a complete change after the ostracism of Cimon. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is their government, economy, and society. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. Spartan political system was a combination of monarchy (kings), oligarchy (Gerousia) and democracy (ephoroi, ephors). Ancient Athenians used a system of governance where everybody (excluding women, slaves and those not born to Athenian parents) could vote on important issues like whether to take part in war or not. “History of Ancient Sparta.” LiveScience, Purch, Available here.4. Unlike the Athenian government the Spartans didn't use tyranny or any form Athenian democracy. It was built as a fortress where people could retreat to when the city is attacked. Moreover, Athens had a powerful navy, whereas Sparta had a powerful land-army. Hasa has a BA degree in English, French and Translation studies. Most city-states in Greece started out by having monarchies, then oligarchies, then tyrannies and then democracies, but at each period ancient Greek government included plenty of city-states using a different system. They received rigorous training for many years until they reach the age of 20 to become a full-fledged warrior and a citizen of the state. Ancient Athens was the centre for the arts, philosophy, and learning. Because of this, a series of tyrants came to power, either taking it by force or by the will of the people. Perhaps the most distinguishing divide between the two great rivals of the Ancient Mediterranean was their reverse systems of government. Also, neither employed the fundamental idea of autocracy a sole, omnipote… Spartan government- Mix of democracy, oligarchy, and monarchy, had an elected council of members, had 2 kings, had an assembly with less power. The ancient Greek cities called the "Poleis," were city-sates, which signifies that they have their own government. The two city-states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy). Also, there existed a lottery system to elect all public officials. So, this is also called the Age of Pericles. From a very young age, boys entered a rigorous state-sponsored education, military training and socialization program known as the Agoge. ; Athens was based on a democratic form of government where people were elected on an annual basis.Sparta was based on oligarchy and had two rulers. Ancient Greek civilization - Ancient Greek civilization - Sparta and Athens: Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. Sparta, on the other hand, was a prominent city-state in Greece that rose to become the dominant military land-power in the region. The main similarity between Athens and Sparta was their form of government, which featured an elected assembly whose members came from among the people; the primary difference between the two cities came from their way of life, as Spartan life was simple and ascetic, while Athenian life was more highly creative. 1.“Athens.” DK Find Out!, Available here.2. Mark, Joshua J. Lycurgus had conceived also political institutions, established after consulting with the Delphic oracle. Athens was ruled by archons, who wereelected annually. It was the place where people got together to discuss philosophy and politics. However, Sparta’s decline began a few decades later, after a defeat against the Thebans at the Battle of Leuctra. The democratic government in Athens, though de cently equal, fair and fairly advanced for its time, did not meet the needs of the Greeks. Sparta is also a major city-state in ancient Greece. Athens was the birthplace of modern democracy, after all. The famous Acropolis is also located in the middle of the city of Athens. Historians consider Athens to be the birthplace of democracy. In Ancient Greece there were two different major forms of government, Oligarchy and Democracy. In Athens, boys received a well-rounded education, but girls were only taught household chores. Although there are thousands of democracies today, our system is quite different from the type of democracy practiced in ancient Greece. In Athens, first past the post democracy was the main form of democracy that existed. Because the Spartan government wanted Spartans to be tough and strong, they weren't given enough food or clothing, so they were encouraged to steal, but if they were caught they were beaten. In fact, Sparta was a leading force of the Greek military during the Greco-Persian Wars. The Greek idea of democracy was different from present-day democracy because, in Athens, all adult citizens were required to take an active part in the government. Athens was fundamentally a democracy; Sparta was an oligarchy. In addition, manual labour in the city was all done by slaves, allowing Spartan men more time to engage in military pursuits. Sparta did not like the way tyranny worked so they produced a different form of government. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Athens is the Greek city-state that is considered to be the cradle of civilization and the home to democracy. How were Spartan and Athenian governments different? The Athenian form of voting for a government was called Limited Democracy. Sparta and Athens had similar forms of government; both city states were in part governed by elected assemblies. An oligarchy meant the ruling power was in the hands of only a few people. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is their government, economy, and society. These men were recruited from the highest social class, the aristocratic Spartiates. Spartan women were educated and could own and manage property, unlike Athenian women. Who was the leader of Physical ForceChartists Party in England ?​, राष्ट्रीय खुला विद्यालय की स्थापना हुई थी:(A) 1989(B) 1992(C) 1990 में(D) 1991 में​, yaha Urdu medium me se 10std kon hai ??? There were several hundred poleis, the history and constitutions of most of which are known only sketchily if at all. The Athenian form of electing a government was called Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy\" (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class). If they did not fulfill their duty they would be fined and sometimes marked with red paint. Thus, historians often refer it to as the cradle of Western civilization. Athens was a centre of arts, learning and philosophy, whereas Sparta was a warrior society. This council would meet and … The small state in Greece originated probably from the natural divisions of the country by mountains and the sea and from the original local tribal (ethnic) and cult divisions. ?​, Indicate the decision taken in the second SAARC Summit (Banglore) 16 Nov, 1986(A) Inflation be curbed(B) A permanent Secretariat was to be set up at K In … 1. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Bronze Age kings. From around the 9th into the 8th centuries, a king, or “basileus,” ruled the city-state with a group of nobles under him. In fact, this is one of the world’s oldest cities, with a recorded history covering over 3,400 years. Government develops from many impulses and threads and the Athenians saw a landed class of men start to take over power. Spartan women were not active in the military, but they were educated and taught sports to make them physically fit. Main Differences Between Athens and Sparta. – society, on the other hand, the structures of Athenss and Spartas governments were active! Worked so they produced a different form of democracy, historians often refer it as..., French and Translation studies elected assemblies Κούμαρης Νικόλαος ( Attribution ) via Commons Wikimedia of Rome the. 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