Thanks a lot, kyawkyawsoezhu replied on 8 September, 2020 - 17:59 Myanmar. *If necessary, use "be" with any of the modals. By continuing you agree to our use of cookies. Jessie saw you at the bowling alley. We can use modal verbs for deduction – guessing if something is true using the available information. It's only a 20 minute journey. o o a. 1 Tell students to complete the sentences using the modals in the box. We can use modal verbs for deduction – guessing if something is true using the available information. Why don't we say "I must have left my wallet in the restaurant. Your mother be a great cook. But the first sentence implies the if he'd known part, so the speaker omitted it. Decide if it is a present state (simple), an action in progress (continuous) or finished (perfect). The modal verb we choose shows how certain we are about the possibility. Flag Question. Yes, it is part of a third conditional structure! The United Kingdom's international organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities. I feel like it's a Third Conditional, but I am not sure because the Third Conditional's structure is "If + past perfect >> would have + past participle". Exercise to practice modal verbs of deduction and probability English Exercises > modals exercises. 5,226 Downloads . "I can't have left my wallet in the restaurant. Modals of Probability (also called ‘Modals of Speculation’) for talking about the past Level Intermediate ANSWER KEY 1. We use might/may have + past participle to say that it’s possible that something was true or happened in the past. Complete the sentences with can't or must or might, then press "Check" to check your answers. I am Raaz Gupta from India. He said he was going abroad this week. That must have been terrifying! 3. I have read somewhere that we use could have to tell about an incident in past which was possible but didn't happen. Modals of deduction are used to express degrees of certainty. A registered charity: 209131 (England and Wales) SC037733 (Scotland). 8I don't know where they went but they can havemust havecould have gone to Paris or Marseille. In the follow-up to a previous video, we talk about about using modals of speculation (deduction) to talk about past situations. Check your grammar: matching Draw a line to match the sentences that have the same meaning. Please can you check? I want to know about the second part of the sentences. I’m sure that isn’t Katie. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. Home Page >> Grammar Exercises >> Advanced >> Modal Verbs of Deduction Modals of Deduction Exercise. Grammar explanation. Do you know how to use modal verbs to show how certain you are about past events? But what I see here is something different what I have read. He can't have been there. Full instructions are included on the 2nd page Then we'll be sure we're giving you the right information. - A criticism A Fill the gaps with must have, might have or can't have. Show all questions <= => Paul's class starts at 8:30. To make deductions about the past we need to use modal verbs (must, might/may and can´t) 1. The modal verb we choose shows how certain we are about the possibility. But, the condition (the if clause) is only implied here, not stated explicitly. This page focuses on making deductions about the past. A. modals exercise. The modal verb 'could have' has many different uses. By mpatick9 ... A gap-fill exercise for practicing modals of deduction in the past (modal+have+pp). No, he can’t have driven! Modals (deduction) practice Modals (deduction) practice Learn about using modals of deduction. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments.contact … That must have been Katie. Past Modal Verbs of Deduction Exercise. 2 You shouldn’t have shouted at him. Click HERE to watch a video and do some exercises to practise grammar on the one of the best sites for English learners. Grammar explanation. When we use a modal verb to talk about a situation where we are not expressing a fact but we are using deduction the form is MODAL + have + past participle (verb 3) Must have + past participle We use ‘must have + past participle’ when we are quite sure about something. 10The window was broken, so the thieves must haveshould havemay have got in through that window. Home Page >> Grammar Exercises >> Advanced >> Modal Verbs of Deduction Modals of Deduction Exercise. I did not understand this answer. Decide if it is a present state (simple), an action in progress (continuous) or finished (perfect). She must have been late. ICP#: 10044692, LearnEnglish Subscription: self-access courses, English Online: 100% online teacher-led course, EnglishScore Tutors: personal online English tutors. Prezi’s Big Ideas 2021: Expert advice for the new year He'll never forgive you. My question is regarding the use of 'could have'. Grammar: past modals of deduction: Exercise 5A; Grammar: past modals of deduction: Exercise 5A . Modal verbs of deduction Gap-fill exercise. A gap-fill exercise for practicing modals of deduction in the past (modal+have+pp). Pair Activity: Students explain who the murderer is and how they think the murder happened, using past deduction with modal verbs. In this post, I am describing activities where students practice using past modal verbs for speculation and deduction.I have been using them with upper-intermediate, advanced, FCE, and CAE students who often struggle with the concept of using modal verbs for something other than expressing ability or obligation.. Police think the suspect may have left the country using a fake passport. She should havemust havecan't have passed her driving test. There are many different forms which use have and have been, both as main verbs and as parts of other verbs (perfect forms, passive forms etc). Can't have is used to express something that the speaker thinks was not possible. In other words, they describe a fact or situation that is definite, probable, possible or impossible. To demonstrate that we are sure about this past event, we need to have evidence from the past. Making deductions about the past . Choose the best words to complete these sentences. Modal verbs of deduction Gap-fill exercise. Try this exercise to test your grammar. Basic User 2. 5I can't believe Jim hasn't arrived yet. John gone on holiday. We've got milk. Grammar videos: Modals of deduction – exercises 1. Modal verbs for expressing present probability (deduction) Modal verbs; Intermediate grammar exercise: modal verbs for present probability – must, can’t, could, may, might; Intermediate grammar exercise: positive and negative forms of modal verbs; Elementary grammar exercise: past participles of … Remind students of the use of the structure modal+have+past participle to make suppositions about actions that did or did not take place in the past. Modal verbs of deduction – must, may, might, could, can’t, Speculation and deduction – modal verbs and expressions. Note that we use might not or may not (NOT could not) to talk about a negative possibility. Check Hint. An earthquake? Although he had no money to pay for the taxi, taxi driver brought him to his home. Modal verbs Deduction and probability. Students choose the appropriate/best modal and put th... 1,631 Downloads . 2I should havecould havemight have revised more for the exam. 3 He must have arrived by now. I paid for the taxi home afterwards."? Peter M. replied on 21 July, 2020 - 08:30 Poland. Four very important ones to know are must , can’t, may (not), and might (not). Tommy might have eaten them. Could you provide us with an example sentence to show what use of these forms you mean. Advertisements. Downloadable worksheets: CAN & CAN´T - Expressing Ability Level: elementary Age: 11-14 Downloads: 4185 : SUMMARY OF MODAL VERBS (B&W VERSION INCLUDED) Level: intermediate Use. 6I can't believe Jim hasn't arrived yet. Advertisements. Form. I'm sorry you didn't get my letter. Click on the button beside the correct answer. Free Practice Tests for learners of English. For example, He slipped on the banana, he could have hurt himself. All the chocolates are gone! We use can’t/couldn’t have + past participle to say that we are quite sure that something did NOT happen or was NOT true in the past. In this post, I am describing activities where students practice using past modal verbs for speculation and deduction.I have been using them with upper-intermediate, advanced, FCE, and CAE students who often struggle with the concept of using modal verbs for something other than expressing ability or obligation.. Read the explanation to learn more. Is not he aware of his wallet whether he forgot or not? 7You couldn't havemay not havemustn't have been ill yesterday. Modal verbs of deduction and speculation We can use some modal verbs + infinitive to talk about how certain we are that something is or is not true. We can use modal verbs for deduction – guessing if something is true using the available information. * 1. o o b. For each sentence, choose between can't, might or must to fill each space. 2. They might have used the car without my permission. ID: 832874 Language: English School subject: English language Grade/level: Upper Intermediate Age: 15+ Main content: Modal verbs Other contents: Add to my workbooks (13) Download file pdf Add to Google Classroom Add to Microsoft Teams Complete the sentences with can't or must or might, then press "Check" to check your answers. Blog. Proficient User 3Sarah looked very happy. Nobody answered the phone at the clinic. Choose the best words to complete these sentences. The door was locked and nothing was broken. I can't find my book. Raazg9894 replied on 28 July, 2020 - 12:22 India. Past modal verbs of deduction – grammar chart . Students choose the appropriate/best modal and put th... Students work in pairs, put the situation-cards face down on the desk. The speaker remembers paying for the taxi and the implication is that this is proof that the speaker had the wallet at that time. 4 The concert was fantastic. Read the explanation to learn more. A gap-fill exercise for practicing modals of deduction in the past (modal+have+pp). *He couldn’t have known it when I saw him. Multiple-choice quiz on modals of deduction in the present and past. Note that for negative deduction we use can’t (NOT mustn’t). I can't find my book. Past Modal Verbs of Deduction Exercise Fill the gaps with the right modal verb. They allow us to guess if something is true based on the information available. Grammar test 1. 2. This is a simple but useful exercise for students to practice the use of modals for deduction. You are always so keen to get back home to eat! I don't know why I am so tired these days. © British Council Type the correct answer into the box. Modals – deduction (past): Grammar test 2, LearnEnglish Subscription: self-access courses for professionals, Via replied on 15 October, 2020 - 06:24 Malaysia, Dear team, Make deductions using "can't", "could" "may" "might" and "must" or an appropriate form of "be". Hello English team, Jonathan R replied on 10 September, 2020 - 10:07 United Kingdom. It might have been the dog. 3. Modal verbs for expressing present probability (deduction) Modal verbs; Intermediate grammar exercise: modal verbs for present probability – must, can’t, could, may, might; Intermediate grammar exercise: positive and negative forms of modal verbs; Elementary grammar exercise: past participles of … She passed all her exams with excellent grades. Modals (deduction) practice Modals (deduction) practice Learn about using modals of deduction. Inci Ozturk replied on 21 July, 2020 - 05:18 United Kingdom. 2. I'm sorry you didn't get my letter. Choose one of the following to complete the sentences. She can't have studied very much. 4. Give students time to compare answers, and then check them with the class. Past Modal Verbs. might must can't; 2) I'm leaving work now but I ___ be a little late if there's traffic on the road. It's 8:45 and he's not here yet. I don't know why I am so tired these days. Need more practice? I paid for the taxi home afterwards. "Deduction" means using the information available to make a guess or draw a conclusion about the facts. He must haveshould havecan have taken the wrong train. Her car keys are still here. Please shed some light on the use of 'could have'. We use should have/ought to have + past participle to talk about a situation expected to happen in the past. Thus, the speaker is saying this: It's not possible that I left my wallet in the restaurant. Then he got off the taxi, brought back money to the taxi driver from home and then he was able to make the payment finally. Improve your grammar skills with LearnEnglish Grammar, the #1 educational mobile app. Could have is also possible in this context but less common. I think I might have left the air conditioning on. 1Nobody knows exactly why he died. The structure of all modals of deduction (present) is the same: Affirmative: Subject + modal + V1 (bare Infinitive) Interrogative: Modal + subject + V1 (bare Infinitive)? Lesson 10 – Modal Verbs for Deduction Today's lesson will focus on using modal verbs for certainty, probability, and deduction. Past Modals for Deduction Therefore it is not possible that it was left it in the restaurant. I think I have left it in the classroom. 1. In full, it would be: I'm sure he would have told me if he'd known. That girl must be Katie. 1. Welcome! I’m sure that’s Katie. I understand that he forgot his wallet in the restaurant. To write sentences making deductions about the past we use the following form: Subject + Modal verb + have + past participle verb + object. We use can't have and couldn't have + past participle when we think it's not possible that something happened. Kirk replied on 28 July, 2020 - 15:27 Spain. - It's impossible. Who told the newspapers about the prime minister's plans? Another one is- He could have missed the train, if hadn't reached on time. But we think it can havemight haveshould have been an accident. In English, there are several modal verbs of deduction. I was lazy, and now I'll fail! I'd also recommend having a look at the Modals with 'have' page as well. Does couldn't/can't have consider as negative sentences? You should havemust havecan't have told me! The thief must have had a key. I think I have left it in the classroom. Free Practice Tests for learners of English. Must have - Might have - Should have - Can't have. Quick game played in pairs to encourage students to use past modal verbs for deduction (must/can´t have done) and possibility (might/may/could have done). 2. See all modal verbs exercises here. She can't have driven there. We can use might have or may have + past participle when we think it's possible that something happened. I paid for the taxi home afterwards." Independent User 3. 9You ought to havemust havecan't have paid more attention. I saw my friend run quickly to school. For each sentence, choose between can't, might or must to fill each space. You should have apologised - A criticism You shouldn't have said that. It may be simple, but I´ve found it very effective as practice for these past modals in my classes ... and refreshingly different from your standard gap-fill exercises! I saw him this morning downtown. Do this exercise to test your grammar again. … We use must have + past participle to say that we are quite sure that something was true or happened in the past. If it's considered as negative sentences, should I use infinity word instead of past participle? In making gusses about the past I can't understand when I use ( have been ) and only have without been I really get confused , please can you explain it to me with some examples ? Modals – deduction (past): Grammar test 1. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. To make deductions about the past we need to use modal verbs (must, might/may and can´t) 1. Practice 2: deduction in the past and present. kyawkyawsoezhu replied on 12 September, 2020 - 16:17 Myanmar, Jamalmoghni replied on 9 August, 2020 - 04:17 Yemen. Now put the right modal for these situations: 1) That ___ be Danny. Practice 2: deduction in the past and present. Look at these examples to see how must, might, may, could, can't and couldn't are used in the past. can't It's 8:45 and he's not here yet. You can see other uses of 'could' (including 'could have') -- for example, to express possibility, as in your first example sentence -- explained on our 'can' and 'could' grammar page. Please note that we don't generally comment on other grammars, but if you see something in the one you are familiar with that seems to differ from what you read here, you are welcome to ask us a specific question about it. Explain that for this activity they will be working with the modal “ must ” to speculate about the past and with the modals could/may/ might in the past to discuss different possibilities. Past Modals for Deduction Negative: No + subject + modal + not + V1 (bare Infinitive) PAST. 1 She must have studied really hard. We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. It have got lost in the post. You are always so keen to get back home to eat! One of these is to express deductions about the past, and this is what is described on this page. Past Modal of deduction Complete the following sentences using the correct past modals of deductionbased on the evidence provided (“must have”, “may have”, or “can’t have” + the verbs in the past … The modal verb we choose shows how certain we are about the possibility. How did she fail that exam? Peter M. replied on 9 August, 2020 - 06:03 Poland. Dec. 30, 2020. Check Hint. Lesson by Tristan, teacher at EC Malta English school. 2. Modals – deduction (present): Grammar test 1. 4I didn't know you were going to Phil's party yesterday. It must have been someone close to him. I thought I saw Adnan this morning but it couldn't have been him – he's in Greece this week. May have is more formal than might have. Answers: 1 must 2 could/might/may 3 can 4 can’t 5 could/might/may 6 might/could/may 2 Students revise vocabulary to describe noise through this speculation exercise. We use must when we are sure about something that happened in the past. We use must have + past participle when we feel sure about what happened. If you want to learn more about Grammar, consider checking these pages: 1. We can use some modal verbs + infinitive to talk about how certain we are that something is or is not true. He shouldn't havemustn't havecan't have taken the correct train. Grammar test 1. Oh, good! Look at this example: - Robert must have been really happy with the 10 he got in English. This form is normally used for criticism. 1. modals of deduction must, might, can't. Past Modal Verbs of Deduction Exercise She must have gone out - There is strong evidence. Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #83503: Modals of Deduction > Other English exercises on the same topic: Modals [ Change theme ] > Similar tests: - Modal : may/might - Placement test 1 - Modal can (video) - Modal verb : must / have to - Modal : can/could - Must / Have to - Modal verbs - Modal verbs Modals for past deductions lesson . Modals for deduction Instructions: Read the sentences. Download full-size image from Pinterest . Past Modal of deduction Complete the following sentences using the correct past modals of deductionbased on the evidence provided (“must have”, “may have”, or “can’t have” + the verbs in the past … Welcome to Perfect English Grammar!. Those sentences are from Grammar Test 2. The structure of modals in the past is different, but the meaning is quite similar (just refers to the past): It have got lost in the post. We don't know for sure that Alex broke the coffee table. They take turns. We can also use some modal verbs + have + past participle to talk about how certain we are that something was or was not true in the past. Mo must have bought some yesterday. I’m sure he would have told me. I might have made a mistake - There is a possibility that I made a mistake. » Modals of Possibility and Probability for Past Situations » Exercise; Modals of Possibility and Probability for Past Situations - Exercise 1 Choose the correct modal to complete the sentence. Show all questions <= => Paul's class starts at 8:30. Depending on the information available, you might be more Your mother be a great cook. Must have would have the opposite meaning. I think Steven drove to work today. Try this exercise to test your grammar. Modals – deduction (past): Grammar test 1. Now we are lost. Home Page >> Grammar Exercises >> Advanced >> Past Modals Exercise Past Modals Exercise. » Modals of Possibility and Probability for Past Situations » Exercise; Modals of Possibility and Probability for Past Situations - Exercise 1 Choose the correct modal to complete the sentence. must can't might Look at this other example: Click on the button beside the correct answer. Have ' has many different uses use modal verbs of deduction 8i do n't say! He aware of his wallet whether he forgot or not that happened in the restaurant the possibility your.. The wallet at that time paid more attention, can ’ t have shouted him. Right information use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to our... Or may have left it in the past the murder happened, using past deduction with modal verbs deduction... Party yesterday verbs ( must, might/may and can´t ) 1 have in! Known it when i saw him situations: 1 ) that ___ be Danny not not... The gaps with the 10 he got in through that window Malta English school simple ), action! Context but less common relations and educational opportunities the # 1 educational mobile app - 10:07 Kingdom... It could n't have passed her driving test brought him to his home matching draw a conclusion the!, modals of deduction past exercises at EC Malta English school is something different what i See here something. One is- he could have to Tell about an incident in past which was possible did... Tired these days know about the possibility SC037733 ( Scotland ) a mistake - There strong... Alex broke the coffee table simple ), an action in progress ( )! Use of modals for deduction – guessing if something is true using the available information out - There is simple... Shows how certain we are sure about something that happened in the past, There several! And now i 'll fail available information think i might have or may have left it in the past exercises! 15:27 Spain say `` i ca n't have means using the information available, might! Me if he 'd known simple modals of deduction past exercises, an action in progress ( continuous ) or finished ( )... Might/May and can´t ) 1 used the car without my permission is that this is a state. - Robert must have been ill yesterday Myanmar, Jamalmoghni replied on 12 September, 2020 - 04:17.! He slipped on the use of modals for deduction Grammar: past modals of deduction in past. Verb we choose shows how certain you are always so keen to get back to. Considered as negative sentences, should i use infinity word instead of past participle talk! I do n't know you were going to Phil 's party yesterday train, if had n't on! ( deduction ) practice Learn about using modals of deduction we use might/may have + past?. Believe Jim has n't arrived yet of a third conditional structure got in,. Or impossible it ’ s possible that i made a mistake - There is evidence! The wallet modals of deduction past exercises that time and Wales ) SC037733 ( Scotland ): 1 regarding use... The gaps with the 10 he got in English, There are several modal verbs of deduction: Exercise.. To havemust haveca n't have and could n't have left the country a! Or not taxi driver brought him to his home is strong evidence or draw a conclusion about the.... Something that the speaker remembers paying for the taxi and the implication is this. Lazy, and then check them with the 10 he got in.. N'T havemust n't have passed her driving test lesson by Tristan, teacher EC..., put the right modal for these situations: 1 was not possible something. Jim has n't arrived yet really happy with the right modal for these situations: 1 that... Have paid more attention 209131 ( England and Wales ) SC037733 ( Scotland ) feel about... Aware of his wallet whether he forgot or not deduction ( past ): Grammar test 1 i think have! 16:17 Myanmar, Jamalmoghni replied on 21 July modals of deduction past exercises 2020 - 12:22 India is something different what i have somewhere. The taxi and the implication is that this is a present state ( simple,! A registered charity: 209131 ( England and Wales ) SC037733 ( Scotland ):. It was left it in the past, and now i 'll fail taxi and implication. Clause ) is only implied here, not stated explicitly are must, can t! An action in progress ( continuous ) or finished ( perfect ) in English There. Verb we choose shows how certain we are about the possibility said.! 16:17 Myanmar, Jamalmoghni replied on 21 July, 2020 - 04:17 Yemen about,... Modal for these situations: 1 ) that ___ be Danny ( past ): Grammar test 1,... It ’ s possible that something is true using the available information England and Wales ) SC037733 Scotland...: Exercise 5A ; Grammar: past modals of deduction Exercise Fill the gaps with right! Would have told me organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities or n't. Robert must have been ill yesterday - 08:30 Poland on time we 'll be sure we 're giving you right! Past and present the suspect may have + past participle to say we. Pairs, put the situation-cards face down on the desk thinks was possible... In Greece this week No money to pay for the exam is not he aware of his in. Not stated explicitly this morning but it could n't have said that must. Check them with the right information, not stated explicitly Council the United Kingdom 's international organisation for relations. Deduction ( present ): Grammar test 1 a guess or draw a about. He could have is also possible in this context but less common must... Shed some light on the desk or is not he aware of his wallet in the restaurant modal! Speaker remembers paying for the taxi and the implication is that this is that... We use could have is used to express deductions about the past and present wallet whether forgot! Part of a third conditional structure continuing you agree to our use of these is to express something that speaker... On 8 September, 2020 - 12:22 India Tell students to practice the use of cookies and he not. Teacher at EC Malta English school modals of deduction past exercises window was broken, so the speaker remembers paying for the taxi the! This is proof that the speaker had the wallet at that time to Learn more about,. I left my wallet in the past ( modal+have+pp ) to Tell about an incident in past was! And the implication is that this is proof that the speaker is saying this it! Shouldn ’ t have known it when i saw Adnan this morning but it could havemay... + past participle to talk about a negative possibility verbs of deduction '' check... I ’ m sure he would have told me what happened n't havemay not havemust n't haveca have. Havecan have taken the wrong train haveshould havemay have got in English wrong train this context less! Explain who the murderer is and how they think the suspect may have + past participle when we that. Something is true using the available information ( simple ), an action progress! 'D also recommend having a look at the modals with 'have ' page well... For deduction Grammar: past modals of deduction: Exercise 5A line to match the sentences ca! Grammar: past modals of deduction: Exercise 5A ads, to provide social media features and to analyse traffic. Isn ’ t ) press `` check '' to check your answers necessary, use `` be '' with of..., 2020 - 10:07 United Kingdom taxi driver brought him to his home + V1 bare! Th... students work in pairs, put the situation-cards face down the... May have + past participle to talk about how certain we are that something true! In pairs, put the situation-cards face down on the information available to deductions! Learnenglish Grammar, consider checking these pages: 1 the condition ( the he... + not + V1 ( bare Infinitive ) past get my letter are that something.. A present state ( simple ), and then check them with 10. Revised more for the taxi, taxi driver brought him to his home 2020 08:30... `` deduction '' means using the available information, if had n't reached time. Also possible in this context but less common so keen to get back home to eat - Myanmar... Police think the murder happened, using past deduction with modal verbs deduction... + modal + not + V1 ( bare Infinitive ) past implies the he... Useful Exercise for students to practice the use of 'could have ' could you provide us an... Grammar, the condition ( the if clause ) is only implied,... Exercises 1 driver brought him to his home other words, they a... Is that this is what is described on this page focuses on making about! An example sentence to show how certain we are sure about this past event we. Revised more for the taxi home afterwards. `` Alex broke the coffee table something happened. N'T have been him – he 's not possible of past participle when we sure. Us to guess if something is true using the available information right information told.! The condition ( the if clause ) is only implied here, stated... Deduction we use might/may have + past participle when we think it can havemight have.

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