Her main temple was probably housed near modern Beit Shemesh, originally named after the deity. Hammurabi attributed to Shamash the inspiration that led him to gather the existing laws and legal procedures into his famous code. In mythology, Shamash was the son of the moon god Sin (known as Nanna in Sumerian), and thus the brother of the goddess Ishtar (Sumerian: Inanna), who represented the great "star" of Venus. At times, instead of Ishtar, one finds Adad, the storm god, as the third person of this triad, and it may be that these two sets of triads represent the doctrines of two different schools of theological thought in Babylonia. In its basic form, it has four pointed rays and four wavy rays alternating. He was believed to emerge from the doors of Heaven every day at dawn and ride across the sky in his chariot before returning to the "interior of heaven" through a set of doors in the far west every evening. In Mesopotamian religion Shamash was the Akkadian name of the sun god, corresponding to Sumerian Utu. "By the command of Shamash, the great judge of heaven and earth," declares Hammurabi, "let righteousness go forth in the land; by the order of Marduk, my lord, let no destruction befall my monument.". declared that he rendered decisions "according to the just laws of Shamash." Saturn was "star of justice and right" (kittu u mešar) (3). The irony is that like the Swastika, or at least as it is intended, the Star of David is a solar symbol representing us. Here, the heroes act on Shamash's behalf to enter the realm of darkness, conquer the monster who protects it, and take home its treasure in the form of the famed cedars of Lebanon. At both places, the chief sanctuary bore the name E-barra (or E-babbara) meaning "Shining House" in allusion to the brilliance of Shamash. In Sumerian texts, Utu is described as "bearded" and "long-armed". References In the Hebrew Bible, worshiping Shemesh was forbidden and theoretically punishable by stoning, although it is doubtful that this was enforced. To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: The history of this article since it was imported to New World Encyclopedia: Note: Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed. Shipping. The eight lamps are 7, 6, 1, 8, 3, 4, 9 and 2. The hexagram is associated with the Biblical Solomon, best known as the Star of David in the Jewish religion. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',162,'0','0'])); The two chief centers of sun worship in Babylonia were Sippar, represented by the mounds at Abu Habba, and Larsa, represented by the modern Senkerah. An inscription left by King Hammurabi indicates that his famous law code was inspired and promulgated at Shamash's command. Finkel, Irving L., and Markham J. Geller. A hexagram is a six pointed star composed of two overlapped triangles, found in use by a number of faiths and cultures. Shamash was the son of Sin. Bible verses about Shamash. Shamash in Canaanite and Hebrew tradition, Art, Music, Literature, Sports and leisure, Symbols.com description of Shamash symbol, https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/p/index.php?title=Shamash&oldid=1026665, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. His main cult center in Sumer was the city of Larsa, and in Akkad his primary temple was in Sippar. The Seal of Shamash is a representation of the ancient Assyrian / Mesopotamian sun god of the same name. “SHAMASH” is the “Attendant or Caretaker” in the religious ceremonies and it is even employed to designate the special nineth candle used during the HANNUKAH celebrations, where the jewish people light the special 8 arms candelabra commemorating the Hashmonayin revolt to achieve freedom from the Roman empire in Mesopotamia – Israel. We also accept personal checks and Money Orders payable to Succubus Productions. Indeed, in Hebrew, Shamash, שמש, means “sun.” This last clue is a decisive indication. As a powerful solar deity, Shamash, whose consort was the goddess Aya, exercised the power of light over darkness and evil. 90,858), supplies much information about the symbols of the gods, and of the Signs of the Zodiac in the reign of Nebuchadnezzar I, King of Babylon, about 1120 B.C.. Utu's charioteer was named Bunene. The name Shamash simply means "sun." Like many vibrational symbols, this star has been misused/distorted by some on this planet, from ancient times, and we are rectifying and resurrecting its divine cosmic attributes here. Shamash is traditionally associated with the concepts of fairness and justice. Shop Star of Shamash Round Ornament designed by CorTauri. The message was so strong that Mesopotamian kings used the symbol as a cylinder seal, or ‘signature’. He travels across the sky, and enters the gate in the West. This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3.0 License (CC-by-sa), which may be used and disseminated with proper attribution. Cylinder sealsoften show two gods holding the doors open for him as he wields his weapon, the pruning-saw, a double-edged arch-shaped saw with large, jagged te… The Seal appears in hymns dedicated to him, many of which are highly moving. Shamash Assault [SP: 20][CD: 35s] Smite the enemies in front of the character with the Judgment of Shamash. Included among them are his attendants Kettu ("justice"), Mesharu ("right"), and Bunene, his chariot driver, whose consort is Atgi-makh. Other theories state that it represents how the sun (and Shamash) hold dominion over all four quarters of the earth. His followers were inspired to gather all existing legal procedures and laws and properly codify them. In addition to being the god of the sun, Shamash was also the deity of justice. In the Epic of Gilgamesh he assisted the hero's victory over the monster Humbaba, guardian of the deep forests of Lebanon. King Hezekiah and possibly other Judean kings used royal seals with images similar to the Assyrian depiction of Shamash. Outside of the cross and the swastika, the hexagram is one of the oldest and most universal spiritual symbols. She was known as "torch of the gods" and is considered an important deity in Canaanite pantheon. Shamash was also regarded as a god who released sufferers from the grasp of the demons. Shamash, as the solar deity, exercised the power In Babylon, located in the south of Mesopotamia, the symbol of Shamash was the solar disk, with a four-pointed star inside it. The stars of Ishtar and Shamash featured on the coat of arms of the Kingdom of Iraq from 1932-1959. Genesis 6:1 “When men began to increase in number on the earth and daughters were born to them, the sons of God saw that the daughters of men were beautiful, and they married any of them they chose…”. Shamash (Shemesh/Utu) the Babylonian God of the Sun (gks 25) ... this resulted in giving the Sun a haloed star-like appearance. Utu’s / Shamash’s Giant Semi-Divine Offspring Son-King(s), Texts: (A MUST READ! Over time, the role of the shamash as “helper” or “service” candle became as much a part of the menorah as its “holy” counterparts. Shop Star of Shamash Necklace Circle Charm designed by CorTauri. After Anat defeats Mot in battle, Shemesh descends to the Underworld and retrieves Baal's body, allowing his resurrection and the eventual return of spring. The temple at Sippar was the most famous, but temples to Shamash were erected in all large population centers, including Babylon, Ur, Mari, Nippur, and Nineveh. Shamash Xi Bootis A III - a business paradise during the First Federation period, later became a major world of Solar Dominion First reached by the minor megacorp Hearp Rangers (later part of the Taurus Nexus) in 1349. In the design accompanying the code, Hammurabi is represented as receiving his laws from Shamash as the embodiment of justice. Shamash was the judge of gods and men. The worship of Shemesh/Shamash was also practiced among the Israelites, although it was forbidden by the prophets and biblical writers. As a logical consequence of Shamash’s position as a righter of wrongs, he is also perceived as the God who rescues people from the torment of demons. ... Feel the warmest, most peaceful lovelight filling you as you breathe into your heart, radiating from you like a Star as you breathe out, joyful, blissful, in harmony with the Universe. In the final battle between Baal and Mot, she declares to Mot that El has now given his support to Baal, a decree which ends the battle and signals spring's return. Also described as an eight-pointed star, this solar symbol is thought to represent the solar calendar, or Sun Wheel, with the four arms associated with the … in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. The sick appealed to Shamash as the god who can be depended upon to help those who are suffering unjustly. The naditu are routinely associated with Utu/Shamash because their cloister was … When used in legal documents, the Seal of Shamash represents fair application of the law and just decisions, and warns the authorities not to deviate from either. No. He travels through the Underworld at night in order to begin in the East the next day. From shop FraterSetnakh. Free Returns High Quality Printing Fast Shipping Up to 35% off T-shirts, Mugs, Tote bags and More! The fence, inside which is Shamash, according to esotericists, and some scientists, shows a connection between the god and the cosmos because inside it are also depicted the moon, sun, and star (Venus). Like the later Apollo, he made his daily journey through the heavens, either on horseback, in a chariot, or on a boat. Among the Assyrians and Babylonians, the "sun"-god par excellence was the well-known figure Shamash, the "light of the gods". Kudurru of King Melishipak of Babylon print, God Sin, the Sun - Shamash, Star of Ishtar, Ancient babylonian poster, antique decor #506 FraterSetnakh. The ancient Babylonians appealed to him to help those being unjustly persecuted. The imagery accompanying the code depicts a king kneeling before the god, who embodies justice. The hexagram is the Star of David. Thus in Register 1, we have the Star of Ishtar, the crescent of the Moon-god Sin, and the disk of Shamash the Sun-god. In the maturing Babylonian pantheon these minor sun gods became attendants in Shamash's service. It is to be distinguished from the Star of Ishtar (with all pointed rays). Tao (Shamash) is a hexagram comprised of two intersecting triangles called Yin and Yang. Both in early and in late inscriptions, Shamash is designated as the "offspring of Nanna," the moon god. Category: The Star of Shamash. Black, Jeremy A., Graham Cunningham , Eleanor Robson, and Gabor Zolyomi (eds.). At night, Shamash became the judge of the underworld. In inscriptions, the attribute most commonly associated with Shamash is justice. King Josiah attempted to abolish sun worship (2 Kings 23), although the prophet Ezekiel claimed that it was prominent again in his day, even in the Temple of Jerusalem itself (Ezekiel 8:16). Debuff duration: 15s. 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