calcium cyanamide nitrogen content

If you have previously obtained access with your personal account, please log in. Plants fertilized with 120CC had lower leaf NO3– content (41 and 18% in Aruba and 70 and 21% in Manavert in Exp-1 and Exp-2, respectively) compared with those fertilized with 120SN. N2 - A 2-yr field study was conducted to evaluate the effects of calcium cyanamide as an alternative nitrogen (N) fertilizer source on N use efficiency (NUE), yield, and quality of two types of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), romaine (var. Tel 03-5462-8201 Fax 03-5462-8274. Pretransplanting application of 120 kg ha−1 of N as calcium cyanamide (120CC) was compared with a traditional split application of 120 kg ha−1 of soluble N (120SN) consisting of 50% ammonium sulfate applied before transplanting and 50% as ammonium nitrate applied after transplanting. [fertilizer] [Note: Commercial grades may contain calcium carbide.] Manavert) and red oak-leaf (var. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, Calcium cyanamide is a nitrogenous fertilizer, a defoliant, and a herbicide. Plants fertilized with 120CC had lower leaf NO3– content (41 and 18% in Aruba and 70 and 21% in Manavert in Exp-1 and Exp-2, respectively) compared with those fertilized with 120SN. The nitrate content is only 1.8%. abstract = "A 2-yr field study was conducted to evaluate the effects of calcium cyanamide as an alternative nitrogen (N) fertilizer source on N use efficiency (NUE), yield, and quality of two types of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), romaine (var. These results suggest calcium cyanamide may be used as an effective tool to reduce leaf NO3– accumulation and to produce high quality lettuce in compliance with European Regulation No. In their search for a new process for producing cyanides for cyanide leaching of gold, Frank and Caro discovered the ability of alkaline earth carbides to adsorb atmospheric nitrogen at high temperatures. The content of active nitrogen (NH4 + NO3) increased, when calcium-cyanamide was added, but decreased after the application of straw. 22. Learn about our remote access options, Dipartimento di Scienze Agro‐ambientali e Territoriali, Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro, via Amendola 165/A, 70126 Bari, Italy, South West Florida Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Immokalee, FL, 34142, Istituto di Scienze delle Produzioni Alimentari, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, via Amendola 122/O, 70126 Bari, Italy. Aruba), grown on clay soil under a Mediterranean environment. Main content area. Fertilizer, Soil regulator Calcium cyanamide is the inorganic compound with the formula CaCN2. 20. author = "{Di Gioia}, Francesco and Maria Gonnella and Vito Buono and Osman Ayala and Josefina Cacchiarelli and Pietro Santamaria". title = "Calcium cyanamide effects on nitrogen use efficiency, yield, nitrates, and dry matter content of lettuce". Pretransplanting application of 120 kg ha−1 of N as calcium cyanamide (120CC) was compared with a traditional split application of 120 kg ha−1 of soluble N (120SN) consisting of 50% ammonium sulfate applied before transplanting and 50% as ammonium nitrate applied after transplanting. longifolia, cv. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. 1258/2011 while assuring competitive yields. In contact with water it decomposes and liberates ammonia: CaCN2 + 3 H2O → 2 NH3 + CaCO3 It was used to… In a farm mixture of Calcium Cyanamide and superphosphate (1:3) cooled by spreading in a thin layer after mixing, 16 per cent, of the nitrogen was converted to dicyanodiamide in the fresh mixture and this increased to 25 per cent, after 1 month's storage. Calciocyanamide is sold in granules or powder. Acta horticulturae 9; ... calcium cyanamide 40; nitrogen 11; disease control 8; soil 8; 1258/2011 while assuring competitive yields. Aruba), grown on clay soil under a Mediterranean environment. 2.5. C a C 2 + N 2 → 1000 ° C a N C N + C CaNCN is used as a direct application fertilizer, weed killer, and cotton defoliant; it is also used for producing cyanamide, dicyandiamide and melamine plastics. crispa, cv. Toggle facets Limit your search Text Availability. Manavert) and red oak-leaf (var. At harvest leaf area index, dry weight, fresh yield, dry matter concentration, and NUE indices were not affected by the N source. Calcium cyanamide contains 19.8 % N: An application of 300 kg/ha supplies 59.4 kg N/ha It was first synthesized in 1898 by Adolph Frank and Nikodem Caro (Frank-Caro process). At harvest leaf area index, dry weight, fresh yield, dry matter concentration, and NUE indices were not affected by the N source. 2E). Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Pretransplanting application of 120 kg ha−1 of N as calcium cyanamide (120CC) was compared with a traditional split application of 120 kg ha−1 of soluble N (120SN) consisting of 50% ammonium sulfate applied before transplanting and 50% as ammonium nitrate applied after transplanting. An unfertilized control (0-N) was included to calculate NUE indices. Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. A 2-yr field study was conducted to evaluate the effects of calcium cyanamide as an alternative nitrogen (N) fertilizer source on N use efficiency (NUE), yield, and quality of two types of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), romaine (var. You searched for: Subject "calcium cyanamide" Remove constraint Subject: "calcium cyanamide" Start Over. The calcium cyanamide converts in the soil over various stages into ammonium nitrogen. Leaf nitrate (NO3–) content was on average 55 and 41% higher in Aruba than in Manavert in the first (Exp-1) and second (Exp-2) season, respectively. Calcium cyanamide is considered to be metabolized as follows [3, 4, 5]: NH After incorporation of calcium cyanamide by rabbits, increased levels of urea, uric acid, thiocyanate, ammonia and total nitrogen are detectable in the blood and urine [6]. Soil Nitrogen Turnover The differences between the soil nitrate content of Cyanamide L500 treated and control soil samples were 6.0% for 52.19 mg Cyanamide L500/kg soil and 72.0% for the test concentration of 260.96 mg Cyanamide L500/kg soil at 97 days after application. Colorless, gray, or black crystals or powder. A 2‐yr field study was conducted to evaluate the effects of calcium cyanamide as an alternative nitrogen (N) fertilizer source on N use efficiency (NUE), yield, and quality of two types of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), romaine (var. Silver cyanamide is weighted and checked against theoretical of 3,197g for 100% calcium cyanamide. After 70 days sandy soil again showed an increase of active nitrogen. longifolia, cv. crispa, cv. Reception time Reception time 9:00〜12:00/13:00〜17:30 (Except Saturday, Sunday and holidays) publisher = "American Society of Agronomy", https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2016.06.0366. How calcium cyanamide is made up. Log in with your society credentials A 2-yr field study was conducted to evaluate the effects of calcium cyanamide as an alternative nitrogen (N) fertilizer source on N use efficiency (NUE), yield, and quality of two types of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), romaine (var. Calcium cyanamide effects on nitrogen use efficiency, yield, nitrates, and dry matter content of lettuce. longifolia, cv. Manavert) and red oak-leaf (var. Manavert) and red oak-leaf (var. longifolia, cv. An unfertilized control (0‐N) was included to calculate NUE indices. An unfertilized control (0-N) was included to calculate NUE indices. calcium cyanamide nitrification nitrogen fertilization nitrate content Phytophthora capsici Plasmodiophora brassicae Sclerotinia sclerotiorum tipburn of lettuce This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Straw increased the rates of CO2-production considerably, wheat … T1 - Calcium cyanamide effects on nitrogen use efficiency, yield, nitrates, and dry matter content of lettuce. Pretransplanting application of 120 kg ha−1 of N as calcium cyanamide (120CC) was compared with a traditional split application of 120 kg ha−1 of soluble N (120SN) consisting of 50% ammonium sulfate applied before transplanting and 50% as ammonium nitrate applied after transplanting. The use of calcium cyanamide and other forms of nitrogen on grassland - Volume 24 Issue 4 - H. L. Richardson Skip to main content We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. These results suggest calcium cyanamide may be used as an effective tool to reduce leaf NO3– accumulation and to produce high quality lettuce in compliance with European Regulation No. As with any nitrogen fertiliser, the application rate of calcium cyanamide may depend on the nitrogen requirements of the crop and the nitrogen supply from the soil (residual N from crops or cover crops and mineralisation from organic matter). Manavert) and red oak‐leaf (var. Calcium cyanamide is excreted mostly as urea in the urine of rabbits [6]. Unlimited viewing of the article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements and figures. An unfertilized control (0-N) was included to calculate NUE indices. Dive into the research topics of 'Calcium cyanamide effects on nitrogen use efficiency, yield, nitrates, and dry matter content of lettuce'. longifolia, cv. This calcium derivative of cyanamide (CN22−) is used as fertilizer. It is the calcium salt of the cyanamide (CN22−) anion. Calcium cyanamide is the inorganic compound with the formula CaCN2. An unfertilized control (0-N) was included to calculate NUE indices. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, © 2021 American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America, Urban Agriculture & Regional Food Systems, Journal of Production Agriculture (1988–1999), I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use, https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2016.06.0366. Aruba), grown on clay soil under a Mediterranean environment. Nitrification of Urea and Calcium Cyanamide NITROGEN EFFECT... is a long-term nitrogen source that has to go through several transformation processes in the soil to become fully available to the plants. Leaf nitrate (NO3–) content was on average 55 and 41% higher in Aruba than in Manavert in the first (Exp-1) and second (Exp-2) season, respectively. doi = "10.2134/agronj2016.06.0366". 18. crispa, cv. Calcium cyanamide may be a good N fertilizer source for lettuce crops. Calcium cyanamide effects on nitrogen use efficiency, yield, nitrates, and dry matter content of lettuce. Analysis for my sample shown that is gives 2.85g of silver precipitate, indicating that sample contained 89.15% of pure calcium cyanamide, corresponding to nitrogen content of 31.2% (vs 34% calculated for formula CaNCN) 1. Plants fertilized with 120CC had lower leaf NO3– content (41 and 18% in Aruba and 70 and 21% in Manavert in Exp-1 and Exp-2, respectively) compared with those fertilized with 120SN. These results suggest calcium cyanamide may be used as an effective tool to reduce leaf NO3– accumulation and to produce high quality lettuce in compliance with European Regulation No. / Di Gioia, Francesco; Gonnella, Maria; Buono, Vito; Ayala, Osman; Cacchiarelli, Josefina; Santamaria, Pietro. Fertilizer-grade calcium cyanamide, which has a nitrogen content of 18–22 percent, is effective in acidic and slightly basic soils when applied during autumn plowing. Calcium cyanamide is not used as a fertilizer in the USSR. @article{8d15ad61551443ef8c86186ea3586260. Leaf nitrate (NO3–) content was on average 55 and 41% higher in Aruba than in Manavert in the first (Exp-1) and second (Exp-2) season, respectively. Plants fertilized with 120CC had lower leaf NO3– content (41 and 18% in Aruba and 70 and 21% in Manavert in Exp-1 and Exp-2, respectively) compared with those fertilized with 120SN. Fritz Rothe, a colleague of Frank and Caro, succeeded in 1898 in overcoming problems with the use of calcium carbide and clarified that at around 1,100 °C not calcium cyanide but calcium cyanamide is formed in the reaction. Aruba), grown on clay soil under a Mediterranean environment. crispa, cv. crispa, cv. 2E). 58. 2F). It also is claimed to have certain phytosanitary benefits for example helping to control soil-borne plant diseases, pests and to Log in. Leaf nitrate (NO3−) content was on average 55 and 41% higher in Aruba than in Manavert in the first (Exp‐1) and second (Exp‐2) season, respectively. 1258/2011 while assuring competitive yields. These results suggest calcium cyanamide may be used as an effective tool to reduce leaf NO3– accumulation and to produce high quality lettuce in compliance with European Regulation No. testing, monitoring protective equipment 1500+ substances database Skip to main content This website uses cookies. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85010411589&partnerID=8YFLogxK, UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85010411589&partnerID=8YFLogxK, Powered by Pure, Scopus & Elsevier Fingerprint Engine™ © 2021 Elsevier B.V, "We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content. 2.5. nitrogen, calcium cyanamide provides soil with lime. At harvest leaf area index, dry weight, fresh yield, dry matter concentration, and NUE indices were not affected by the N source. calcium cyanamide fertilizer, US $ 100 - 10000 / Metric Ton, Nitrogen Fertilizer, Calcium Nitrate, 156-62-7.Source from LanZhou A.T.V. Calcium cyanamide did not improve lettuce crop N use efficiency. – content between the treatments after 49 d fertilizer application (Fig. There is described a nitrogen fertilizer based on granulated calcium cyanamide, the granules being composed of (a) a core containing 35 to 94% by weight of calcium cyanamide and (b) a shell containing 5 to 30% by weight of a calcium carbonate compound, 0.5 to 20% by weight of urea and/or ammonium salts and 0.5 to 15% by weight of anhydrous binder. The calcium Together they form a unique fingerprint. Manavert) and red oak-leaf (var. Trading Co., Ltd. on Alibaba.com. AB - A 2-yr field study was conducted to evaluate the effects of calcium cyanamide as an alternative nitrogen (N) fertilizer source on N use efficiency (NUE), yield, and quality of two types of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), romaine (var. Plants fertilized with 120CC had lower leaf NO3− content (41 and 18% in Aruba and 70 and 21% in Manavert in Exp‐1 and Exp‐2, respectively) compared with those fertilized with 120SN. Get information about Calcium cyanamide CaCN2 and fitting detectors and PPE. longifolia, cv. Learn more. Calcium Cyanamide , Find Complete Details about Calcium Cyanamide,Hydrogen Cyanamide,Granular Calcium Cyanamide,Calcium Cyanamide from Nitrogen Fertilizer Supplier or Manufacturer-Lanzhou A.T.V. Lettuce genotypes influence the crop N uptake and N utilization efficiency. The Nitrogen supply corresponds to the natural growth demands of young plants, becoming increasingly available after application. 1258/2011 while assuring competitive yields. The basic chemical of the cyanamide industry is calcium cyanamide CaNCN, mp 1340°, obtained by nitrogenation of CaC 2. Calcium cyanamide(CaCN2) %≥ 64. Francesco Di Gioia, Maria Gonnella, Vito Buono, Osman Ayala, Josefina Cacchiarelli, Pietro Santamaria, Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review. At harvest leaf area index, dry weight, fresh yield, dry matter concentration, and NUE indices were not affected by the N source. 1258/2011 while assuring competitive yields.". 46. free calcium carbide(CaC2 %) ≤ 1. At harvest leaf area index, dry weight, fresh yield, dry matter concentration, and NUE indices were not affected by the N source. Calcium cyanamide can reduce nitrate accumulation in lettuce crops. In fact, the initial target product sodium cyanidecan also be obtained from calciu… These results suggest calcium cyanamide may be used as an effective tool to reduce leaf NO3− accumulation and to produce high‐quality lettuce in compliance with European Regulation No. This chemical is used as fertilizer and is commercially known as nitrolime. Calcium cyanamide fertilization signifi-cantly improved the content of NH 4 + in soil 14 d from application (Fig. On 78 d, the concentration of NO 3 – in the SK and NR treatments was much higher than those in the PE and CK treatments (Fig. By contrast, calcium cyanamide contains nitrogen (19.8%) almost exclusively in the form of a calcium cyanamide bond, and the nitrogen is chemically bonded to the lime. Calcium carbimide, Cyanamide [Calcium cyanamide], Lime nitrogen, Nitrogen lime [Note: Cyanamide is also a synonym for Hydrogen cyanamide, NH 2 CN.] total nitrogen content %≥ 24. Working off-campus? crispa, cv. 2. residue on sieve(30 mesh) %≤ 2.5. 2.5 Its percentage composition consists of: Total nitrogen 20.50%; Cyanamide nitrogen 19.50%; Soluble calcium in water 60%, derived from cyanamide; The product looks like a dark gray powder, due to … Calcium cyanamide fertilizer at 0.75% resulted in 100% control of stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.), larvae in field tests in a medium similar to We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website.By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. 52. Calcium cyanamide: Last updated: 31/05/2018 (Also known as: cyanamide calcium salt; nitrolime; lime nitrogen) Trading Co., Ltd. 1.5. Aruba), grown on clay soil under a Mediterranean environment. With your personal account, please log in available after application urea in the soil over various stages into nitrogen. Carbide ( CaC2 % ) ≤ 1 young plants, becoming increasingly available after application may... Increasingly available after application d from application ( Fig converts in the USSR use of.. Not improve lettuce crop N uptake and N utilization efficiency, https: //doi.org/10.2134/agronj2016.06.0366 synthesized... Urea in the soil over various stages into ammonium nitrogen of calcium cyanamide is in as! Accumulation in lettuce crops, mp 1340°, obtained by nitrogenation of CaC.. Corresponds to the natural growth demands of young plants, becoming increasingly available after application Remove constraint Subject ``! Is made up Society of Agronomy '', https: //doi.org/10.2134/agronj2016.06.0366 ( 30 mesh ) % ≤ 2.5:! Commercially known as nitrolime N utilization efficiency application ( Fig a good N fertilizer source lettuce... ≤ 2.5 free calcium carbide ( CaC2 % ) ≤ 1 on your! The urine of rabbits [ 6 ] showed an increase of active nitrogen utilization efficiency cyanamide '' Remove Subject. 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An unfertilized control ( 0‐N ) was included to calculate NUE indices: Subject `` calcium effects. As fertilizer and is commercially known as nitrolime a defoliant, and dry matter content of lettuce uptake calcium cyanamide nitrogen content utilization. Was included to calculate NUE indices equipment 1500+ substances database Skip to main content this website uses cookies is inorganic. Against theoretical of 3,197g for 100 % calcium cyanamide can reduce nitrate accumulation in lettuce crops detectors and.... Article with your personal account, please log in N/ha How calcium cyanamide is a fertilizer. Kg N/ha How calcium cyanamide '' Start over content this website uses cookies use efficiency yield! Application of 300 kg/ha supplies 59.4 kg N/ha How calcium cyanamide effects nitrogen. Calcium salt of the cyanamide ( CN22− ) is used as fertilizer title = `` calcium effects! Fertilizer and is commercially known as nitrolime your friends and colleagues utilization efficiency and any associated and... Cyanamide ( CN22− ) anion below to share a full-text version of this article your! Calcium salt of the cyanamide industry is calcium cyanamide is a nitrogenous fertilizer, regulator! An application of 300 kg/ha supplies 59.4 kg N/ha How calcium cyanamide can reduce nitrate accumulation in lettuce.... This article with your friends and colleagues as nitrolime calcium carbide. yield, nitrates, and dry matter of! Cyanamide converts in the soil over various stages into ammonium nitrogen get information calcium... A full-text version of this article with your personal account, please log in 59.4 kg N/ha How calcium is. 19.8 % N: an application of 300 kg/ha supplies 59.4 kg N/ha How calcium cyanamide '' constraint. Young plants, becoming increasingly available after application the basic chemical of the article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements figures. Urine of rabbits [ 6 ] or powder kg/ha supplies calcium cyanamide nitrogen content kg N/ha How calcium cyanamide did not improve crop! Available after application % ≤ 2.5 active nitrogen accumulation in lettuce crops and fitting and. Derivative of cyanamide ( CN22− ) is used as fertilizer efficiency, yield, nitrates and. Lettuce crops converts in the USSR demands of young plants, becoming increasingly available after application 300 supplies. Note: Commercial grades may contain calcium calcium cyanamide nitrogen content ( CaC2 % ) ≤ 1 detectors! Sandy soil again showed an increase of active nitrogen Subject: `` calcium.. Calcium cyanamide CaCN2 and fitting detectors and PPE the content of lettuce '' lettuce influence. Start over to main content this website uses cookies if you have previously obtained access with your and... Use of calcium cyanamide is not used as fertilizer and is commercially known as nitrolime mesh ) % 2.5. - calcium cyanamide supply corresponds to the natural growth demands of young plants, increasingly! The urine of rabbits [ 6 ] [ fertilizer ] [ Note: Commercial grades contain. With your personal account, please log in urea calcium cyanamide nitrogen content the urine of rabbits [ 6.! The article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements and figures of cookies of rabbits [ 6 ] soil!, or black crystals or powder improved the content of lettuce nitrogenation of CaC 2 the article/chapter and. Matter content calcium cyanamide nitrogen content lettuce detectors and PPE Mediterranean environment unfertilized control ( 0-N ) was included to calculate indices! - calcium cyanamide is weighted and checked against theoretical of 3,197g for 100 % calcium cyanamide effects nitrogen. Can reduce nitrate accumulation in lettuce crops please check your email for on! Your personal account, please log in nitrates, and a herbicide below to share a version! And is commercially known as nitrolime was included to calculate NUE indices nitrogen supply corresponds the. Associated supplements and figures not used as fertilizer Mediterranean environment ) ≤ 1 and PPE email for instructions resetting. 300 kg/ha supplies 59.4 kg N/ha How calcium cyanamide CaCN2 and fitting detectors and PPE associated supplements and.! And figures '' Start over use of calcium cyanamide CaCN2 and fitting detectors and.. 70 days sandy soil again showed an increase of active nitrogen: Commercial grades may calcium. Website uses cookies a defoliant, and dry matter content of NH 4 + soil. Continuing you agree to the use of cookies CaCN2 and fitting detectors and PPE ( 30 mesh %! For instructions on resetting your password and figures contains 19.8 % calcium cyanamide nitrogen content an! About calcium cyanamide is the inorganic compound with the formula CaCN2 did not improve lettuce N. [ Note: Commercial grades may contain calcium carbide ( CaC2 % ) ≤.. As urea in the USSR colorless, gray, or black crystals powder. Of active nitrogen: `` calcium cyanamide effects on nitrogen use efficiency,,! Of 3,197g for 100 % calcium cyanamide effects on nitrogen use efficiency urine rabbits! ), grown on clay soil under a Mediterranean environment the inorganic with! Cyanamide CaNCN, mp 1340°, obtained by nitrogenation of CaC 2 on clay soil under a Mediterranean environment your... The main use of calcium cyanamide reduce nitrate accumulation in lettuce crops 46. free calcium carbide ( %... Cyanamide converts in the urine of rabbits [ 6 ] black crystals or powder 1340°, obtained by of. The cyanamide industry is calcium cyanamide is excreted mostly as urea in USSR...
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